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Third person singular conjugation

P. T.C1Kwiziq community member

Third person singular conjugation

The conjugation that you provide includes the following line:

il / elle / on    est apparu(e)(s)

Under which circumstances would it be valid to have "est apparus" or "est apparues"? Or is the "(s)" redundant?

Asked 11 months ago
Maarten K.C1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Peter, the ‘s’ is only relevant when using ‘on’ in place of ‘ nous ‘. 

When ‘on’ is used as an indefinite pronoun, it is invariably masculine singular grammatically, both for verb conjugation and adjectival agreement. 

However, when ‘on’ replaces the definite pronoun ‘nous’, the usual rules of adjectival agreement occur, even though the verb is still conjugated in the 3 rd person singular. It is really only relevant in writing, and I have seen, on more than one occasion, admissions by French native speakers that they only became aware of the rule themselves when preparing a grammar session for their own online courses ! 

The link below should lead to a recent discussion on this topic as well:

 https://french.kwiziq.com/questions/view/follow-on-qu-on-etait-eberlues

P. T. asked:View original

Third person singular conjugation

The conjugation that you provide includes the following line:

il / elle / on    est apparu(e)(s)

Under which circumstances would it be valid to have "est apparus" or "est apparues"? Or is the "(s)" redundant?

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