Avoir chaud / froid = To be hot / cold

Look at these cases:

J'ai chaud. 
I'm hot.


informal:

Tu as froid?
Are you cold?

 

The verb avoir (to have) is used to express being cold and hot (and not être / to be as in English), effectively "I have hot"!

Note that even if the person is female, the masculine adjective chaud is used, not chaude :
you cannot say J'ai chaude.

 

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Tu as froid?
Are you cold?


J'ai chaud. 
I'm hot.


Vous avez froid
You are cold




Q&A Forum 13 questions, 24 answers

LuchenA1Kwiziq community member

Question about the usage of froid

(1) If the person is female, we still use froid instead of froide? For example, Elle a froid?

(2) How about plural female pronoun like "elles"? Which one of the following is correct: a) Elles ont froid? or b) Elles ont froides?

Merci!

Asked 9 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi  Luchen,

It will remain as ‘froid’ or ‘chaud’ as the expression is -

Avoir froid/ chaud .

J’ai froid , elle a froid, nous avons froid, elles ont froid  or chaud...

You only agree froid or chaud ( adjectives) when they are  linked to nouns as in -

L’ eau  chaude ou froide

Hope this helps!

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

The French expression literally means: I have cold. So froid is a noun.

LuchenA1Kwiziq community member

Oui, merci

LuchenA1Kwiziq community member

Is it because both chaud and froid are masculine nouns, so no matter which subjective pronoun it is, the chaud and froid always stay "chaud" and "froid"?

LuchenA1Kwiziq community member

merci

Question about the usage of froid

(1) If the person is female, we still use froid instead of froide? For example, Elle a froid?

(2) How about plural female pronoun like "elles"? Which one of the following is correct: a) Elles ont froid? or b) Elles ont froides?

Merci!

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

HalouiA0Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Correct?? Or no ?

Nous avons froid/ ils ont froid/ elle a froid????

Asked 9 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Correct!

HalouiA0Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Merci.

Correct?? Or no ?

Nous avons froid/ ils ont froid/ elle a froid????

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

RyanA0Kwiziq community member

How do u say “Are you cold” formaly?

Asked 10 months ago
SteveB2 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer
Avez-vous froid ?

How do u say “Are you cold” formaly?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

MichaelC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

I gave an answer to, How would you say, "You are cold."? Tu ....I responded with, "as froid" and it was marked incorrect. Please advise.

Asked 11 months ago
CécileKwiziq team member

Hi Michael,

Could you give the context please?

I gave an answer to, How would you say, "You are cold."? Tu ....I responded with, "as froid" and it was marked incorrect. Please advise.

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

MichaelC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

I was answering the question in a test...

Asked 11 months ago
CécileKwiziq team member
answered
Olasimbo A2Kwiziq community member

I have just experienced the same issue too

I was answering the question in a test...

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

MaxineA1Kwiziq community member

When do you use chaude

Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
When you want to say that you're hot. Was the lesson not clear on this point or did your question aim in a different direction?
AlanC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

The lesson is very clear that you don't use chaude to say that you're hot. But you can use it to describe other feminine things that are hot:

l'eau chaude

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

I think everything is cery clearly laid out in the lesson. You use the male form exclusively to say that you feel hot and you use the female form for female nouns that are hot.

Anne, tu as chaud ? -- Anne are you cold?
J'aime l'infusion chaude. -- I like hot herbal tea.

I guess the question concerned the female form only?

OluwafunmilayoA0Kwiziq community member
No time because there is no feminin word for  'hot"

When do you use chaude

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

JinjuA1Kwiziq community member

In English, we say, “l feel hot, not I’m hot”. When we say, I’m hot, it means I’m sexy. Right?

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Jinju,

As Chris says it all depends on context but I can only think of one expression in French when 'chaud' would have sexual connotations - 

Cet homme est un chaud lapin! 

I'll let you look for a translation ...

 

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Hi Jinju,

you can say "I'm hot" in English even without sexual connotations. It depends on context and is stronger if you say this about another person like, "She's really hot!" (raising your eyebrows and looking lecherously) ;)

-- Chris. 

In English, we say, “l feel hot, not I’m hot”. When we say, I’m hot, it means I’m sexy. Right?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

JudyB1Kwiziq community member

Hello Aurélie, I noticed the "L'eau est froide" in one of the quizzes.

Is there a tip for knowing when to use être (and the feminine form of the adjective)?
Asked 2 years ago
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Bonjour Judy, While you addressed your question to Aurélie, know that I am not attempting to answer for her as that would be uncool. In your example, it says the water (a feminine noun, hence the use of the feminine form of the adjective) is cold. In this case the use of être instead of avoir is correct. Here is the part of the lesson that addresses the use of avoir: The verb avoir (to have) is used to express being cold and hot (and not être / to be as in English), effectively "I have hot"! Note that even if the person is female, the masculine adjective chaud is used, not chaude : you cannot say J'ai chaude. It can be seen from the lesson that when one speaks of their perception of hot and cold then the use of avoir is needed, i.e. J'ai chaud, J'ai froid. So, the takeaway is this, when speaking of a person, the verb avoir is used; however, when speaking about water, coffee, and other items that are hot or cold, excluding the weather, être is used. Weather expressions have their own verb, faire, i.e. il fait chaud, il fait froid, etc. J'espère que cela vous aiderait et merci de me permettre à répondre à votre question. Bonne chance,
JudyB1Kwiziq community member
Thanks Ron. That was a good explanation and I hope I'll get it right every time now!

Hello Aurélie, I noticed the "L'eau est froide" in one of the quizzes.

Is there a tip for knowing when to use être (and the feminine form of the adjective)?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

AthinaA0Kwiziq community member

When it wrong the " I am cold" why is learning such sentence then ?!

J'ai froid J'ai chaud is only for excersise ?
Asked 2 years ago
GruffKwiziq team member
Hi Athina - I'm not sure if I've understood what you are saying. "J'ai froid/chaud" isn't wrong it's the correct way to express "I'm cold/hot". Can you elaborate what you are struggling with?

When it wrong the " I am cold" why is learning such sentence then ?!

J'ai froid J'ai chaud is only for excersise ?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

RandaA1Kwiziq community member

the note says no feminine for chaud, what about froid....can I say Elle a froide

Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team member
No, for the same reason as I explained here: https://french.kwiziq.com/questions/view/is-tort-raison-for-feminine-and-masculine This applies to all expressions with avoir + noun that are equivalent to "to be + adjective" : avoir chaud, froid, soif, faim, etc.

the note says no feminine for chaud, what about froid....can I say Elle a froide

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

AdvikaA1Kwiziq community member

Je suis chaud

Je suis froid
Asked 3 years ago
JimC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
As I understand it, if you use être you are describing a "state of being". So to say "Je suis chaud" could convey a sexual connotation. Similarly with "Je suis froid". That is why in the company of native french speakers you may sense that they seem a bit embarrassed.

Je suis chaud

Je suis froid

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

AdvikaA1Kwiziq community member

Je ne suis pas froid

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member

Bonjour Advika !

Unfortunately, this sentence is not correct in French, because as the lesson states, you will not use "être" (to be) in French, but "avoir" (to have) in this case, as such:
"Je n'ai pas froid"

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Je ne suis pas froid

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

AdvikaA1Kwiziq community member

Je ne suis pas chaud

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Advika ! Unfortunately, this sentence is not correct in French, because as the lesson states, you will not use "être" (to be) in French, but "avoir" (to have) in this case, as such: "Je n'ai pas chaud" I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !

Je ne suis pas chaud

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Let me take a look at that...