Replacing compound subjects with subject pronouns nous, vous, ils, elles

Look at these sentences:

Jean et moi jouons aux cartes. 
Nous jouons aux cartes.

Jean and I play cards.
We play cards.

Sarah et ma soeur sont sympas.
Elles sont sympas. 

Sarah and my sister are nice.
They are nice.

M. Dupont et Mme Vichy se connaissent. Ils se connaissent.
Mr Dupont and Mrs Vichy know each other.
They know each other.

Sarah et toi êtes amis.
Vous êtes amis. 

Sarah and you are friends.
You are friends.



When you have more than one person in a sentence doing the action (verb) then you can replace them with a subject pronoun plural: nous, vous, ils ou elles.

 

Here are the different combinations:

person(s) + moi     =  nous 

person(s) + toi       = vous

person(s) + person(s)     = ils (all male or mixed group) or elles (all female group)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Sarah et ma soeur sont sympas.
Elles sont sympas. 

Sarah and my sister are nice.
They are nice.


Jean et moi jouons aux cartes. 
Nous jouons aux cartes.

Jean and I play cards.
We play cards.


M. Dupont et Mme Vichy se connaissent. Ils se connaissent.
Mr Dupont and Mrs Vichy know each other.
They know each other.


Sarah et toi êtes amis.
Vous êtes amis. 

Sarah and you are friends.
You are friends.


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