Conjugate regular -er verbs in Le Présent (present tense)

Most verbs ending in -er conjugate as follows in Présent indicatif:

 

  new ending jouer (to play) visiter (to visit)
Je  -e Je joue Je visite
Tu  -es Tu joues Tu visites
Il/elle/on  -e Il/elle/on joue Il/elle/on visite
Nous  -ons Nous jouons Nous visitons
Vous  -ez Vous jouez Vous visitez
Ils/elles  -ent Ils/elles jouent Ils/elles visitent

Note that the -er  ending is replaced with new endings in each case.

 

Pronunciation Tip:
The -es ending for tu and the -ent  ending for ils/elles are written but NOT pronounced. When spoken they sound like joue.

You can listen to these conjugated forms of aimer to hear how they sound:

Présent indicatif
j' aime
tu aimes
il aime
elle aime
on aime
nous aimons
vous aimez
ils aiment
elles aiment


Here are more examples to listen to:

Je regarde la télé.
I'm watching telly.

Tu chantes bien?
Do you sing well?

Elle danse tous les mardis.
She dances every Tuesday.

Nous adorons les dessins animés.
We love cartoons.

Tu travailles dans un bureau.
You work in an office.

Les enfants jouent dans le jardin.
The children play in the garden.

 

Grammar jargon

The infinitive of the verb is the unconjugated verb
-> jouer (to play) as opposed to a conjugated form like je joue (I play)

The stem of the infinitive is the part before the -er, -ir, -oir or -re ending.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Elle danse tous les mardis.
She dances every Tuesday.


Nous adorons les dessins animés.
We love cartoons.


Je regarde la télé.
I'm watching telly.


Les enfants jouent dans le jardin.
The children play in the garden.


Tu chantes bien?
Do you sing well?


Tu travailles dans un bureau.
You work in an office.


Q&A Forum 9 questions, 20 answers

JoanneB2Kwiziq community member

This is about "de" vs. "par" in the sentence

Just wondering - in the sentence, "vous chantez 'imagine' de John Lennon," I learned in Rosetta Stonte that authorship of a book, song, etc. was 'par', not 'de.' Is that corrrect?

Asked 7 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Joanne,

 I would say 'de' for authorship ...

e.g

Les 100 plus belles chansons de Charles Aznavour ...

'Ne me quitte pas' - Chanson de Jacques Brel,  ( paroles et musique de Jacques Brel)  interprétée par Maria  Bellaventure.

Hope this helps!

This is about "de" vs. "par" in the sentence

Just wondering - in the sentence, "vous chantez 'imagine' de John Lennon," I learned in Rosetta Stonte that authorship of a book, song, etc. was 'par', not 'de.' Is that corrrect?

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EmmaA1Kwiziq community member

Bureau menas both desk and office. So 'il est à son bureau' means he is at his desk or he is in his office?

Asked 7 months ago
MarieKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Emma,

 

Using the preposition "à" in "il est à son bureau" means that he is at his desk. However, to say "he is in his office", you would use the preposition "dans"= "il est dans son bureau". To say "he is at the office", you would use the article "au"= "il est au bureau."

 

Hope this helps!

Bureau menas both desk and office. So 'il est à son bureau' means he is at his desk or he is in his office?

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Claudia A2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Bonjour. On the test question # 2 "Je bronze au soleil" Is it possible to say "Je me bronze au soleil"?

Asked 1 year ago
SteveB2 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

I've investigated this a bit and I think the answer is no.

The point being that it is the sun which is tanning you (and not yourself as in je me lave).

Claudia A2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Merci beaucoup Steve

Bonjour. On the test question # 2 "Je bronze au soleil" Is it possible to say "Je me bronze au soleil"?

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LuzC1Kwiziq community member

I could not write the accents. How do you do them?

Asked 1 year ago
SteveB2 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Hold the appropriate letter key down, and a little pop-up window appears above the cursor.

Type the number which corresponds to the accented character you want.

I could not write the accents. How do you do them?

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HelenA1Kwiziq community member

Does not the verb chanter begins with an “sh” sound? In your example “tu chante bien » the sh sounded like s.

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Helen,

I have listened to it and it does say a 'sh' sound for chantes bien ...

HelenA1Kwiziq community member
Thank you. Still , perhaps it is not an English Sh sound?
CécileKwiziq team member
Sounds the same to me...
LaurenA0Kwiziq community member

I thought the same thing.  Pourquoi?

Does not the verb chanter begins with an “sh” sound? In your example “tu chante bien » the sh sounded like s.

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CrystalMaidenC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

NB: What's this stand for?

" NB: the -es for tu and " What does NB mean?
Asked 1 year ago
AurélieKwiziq team member

Bonjour CrystalMaiden!

N.B. is a Latin abbreviation meaning "Nota Bene", or "note well" in English. It's used to give an information that is deemed worth remembering :)

However, I agree that it should simply be replaced by "Note" which I use in most lessons ;)

I've now amended the lesson accordingly!

Merci et à bientôt ! 

CrystalMaidenC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Happy to make a difference!

NB: What's this stand for?

" NB: the -es for tu and " What does NB mean?

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StewartC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Is the 'e' at the end of, for example, 'je regardE' pronounced?

Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
The answer is difficult to give definitively in writing. It depends to some extent what the word is followed by. At the end of a sentece, i.e., "Je te regarde." it is pronounced ever so slightly, giving the "d" a distinctive touch. But in "Je regarde mon ouvre." it isn't pronounced at all. I would love for a native speaker to comment, though. -- Chris (not a native speaker).
CécileKwiziq team member
The 'e' is mute and it is not pronounced . All you hear is the 'd' at the end . This is the same for all the forms except the Nous and Vous forms. So in - je regarde, tu regardes, il/elle/on regarde, ils/elles regardent the ´ regard ' is prononced the same , sounding the ´d' . I have found as a teacher that it is important to stress this at this stage as some students want to pronounce an ´ é ´ sound which creates problems when you are tackling the perfect tense. Hope this helps ...
StewartC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Hi Cécile Thank you and yes it definitely helps.

Is the 'e' at the end of, for example, 'je regardE' pronounced?

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LisaA1Kwiziq community member

il y a

Asked 2 years ago
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Bonsoir Lisa, I do not see a question noted here, but the assumption is that it relates to «il y a». Please repost along with your question. Bonne soirée.
BeverleyB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Il y a = there is/there are in the present tense. Il y avait = there were in the imperfect tense. OR Il y a = ago e.g. Il y a un ans, il y avait douze membres dans le groupe. = A year ago there were three members in the group.
CécileKwiziq team member
Do you have a particular question Lisa?
RuneA1Kwiziq community member

not to be rude in any way, but a small correction should be done to the example which refers to the practical use of "il y a" & "il y avait" in this discussion - even though it should be clear to most pupils on this level ; ) - douze should be translated with twelve, not three : )

Thanks for a nice tool for improving my skills in French, both in the question of speaking & writing - I really enjoy the excersises and the way each part - taker in them are getting personal feedback as well. The learning proces is almost like a funny game and that is a great plus for my wish to go on with it, to learn as much & fast as possible of this exciting and beatiful language !

BeverleyB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Sorry, you are absolutely right Rune, that was a very silly mistake, and lack of concentration.  Probably the same reason that you made three spelling errors and one grammatical error.  

Sorry!  Couldn't resist it.

il y a

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William C1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Verbs + preposition

I am confused here. The question says "arriver" is "to manage". However is "arriver" not "to arrive" and "arriver à" is "to manage"?
Asked 2 years ago
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Bonjour William, You are correct, arriver --> to arrive; arriver à ---> to manage, to reach, to achieve. As you continue in your study of the French language you will notice that by adding an article to a verb, the sense of the verb changes, much like when the use of a reflexive verb instead of just the verb also changes the sense. J'espère que ma réponse vous aiderait. Bonne chance et bonne continuation dans vos études en français, la langue de Molière et qui a été utilisé par le monde français depuis l’époque d’Hugues Capet

Verbs + preposition

I am confused here. The question says "arriver" is "to manage". However is "arriver" not "to arrive" and "arriver à" is "to manage"?

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