Conjugate regular -ir verbs in Le Présent (present tense)

Most verbs ending -ir in Le Présent (Present Tense) conjugate like this:

  new ending finir (to finish) choisir (to choose)
Je  -is finis choisis
Tu  -is finis choisis
Il/elle/on  -it finit choisit
Nous  -issons finissons choisissons
Vous  -issez finissez choisissez
Ils/elles  -issent finissent choisissent

Listen to these examples with finir:

Je finis mes devoirs.
I finish my homework.

Tu finis ton assiette ou pas de dessert.
You finish your plate or no dessert.

Miranda finit de faire sa valise.
Miranda is finishing packing her suitcase.

Nous finissons de décorer la pièce.
We finish decorating the room.

Vous finissez quand ?
When do you finish?

Les enfants finissent l'école dans une heure.
The children finish school in an hour.

Nous répartissons les bonbons entre nous quatre.
We're dividing the sweets between the four of us.

Note that the verb répartir is NOT a derivative of partir, but shares its root with the word repartition, and does follow the regular -IR conjugation. 

Pronunciation guide

In the singular forms, the -s and -t of finis and finit are silent.
All three persons endings are pronounced [ee]

In the plural, the -ent part of the -issent ending is silent. You pronounce [eess]

 

Grammar jargon

The infinitive of the verb is the unconjugated verb e.g. finir (to finish) as opposed to a conjugated form like je finis (I finish).

The stem of the infinitive is the part before the -er, -ir, or -re ending.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Tu rougis.
You're blushing.


Les enfants finissent l'école dans une heure.
The children finish school in an hour.


Sérieusement!?! Tu as le choix entre 365 jours, et tu choisis celui-là!!!
Seriously!?! You've got the choice between 365 days, and you pick this one!!!


Il agit prudemment.
He's acting carefully.


Vous finissez quand ?
When do you finish?



Je finis mes devoirs.
I finish my homework.


Nous finissons de décorer la pièce.
We finish decorating the room.


Elles choisissent leurs robes.
They're choosing their dresses.


Miranda finit de faire sa valise.
Miranda is finishing packing her suitcase.


Nous applaudissons les acteurs.
We're applauding the actors.


Nous répartissons les bonbons entre nous quatre.
We're dividing the sweets between the four of us.


Tu finis ton assiette ou pas de dessert.
You finish your plate or no dessert.


Q&A Forum 13 questions, 19 answers

Conjugating repartir

The sentence was, "She is dividing the tasks," and we were supposed to fill in the blank with the verb "repartir." The correct answer was repartissez, but it just didn't sound right to me. I looked up the conjugation in three different places, and they all said it should be "repartez." Can you clarify this?

Asked 4 months ago
AlanC1Correct answer

Hi Joanne, I think you have confused répartir with repartir. As it says in the lesson:

Note that the verb répartir is NOT a derivative of partir, but shares its root with the word repartition, and does follow the regular -IR conjugation. 

Why are we using plural instead of singular and also using the ending issez (which is meant for vous) instead of Elle, singular with the ending it - I thought the sentence should be Elle répartit? Or I'm I missing something? Please help. Thanks in advance 

I think the question was actually "You're distributing the tasks".

Conjugating repartir

The sentence was, "She is dividing the tasks," and we were supposed to fill in the blank with the verb "repartir." The correct answer was repartissez, but it just didn't sound right to me. I looked up the conjugation in three different places, and they all said it should be "repartez." Can you clarify this?

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KatieA2

Pronunciation of the double 's'

For the pronunciation of 'finissons' and 'finissez' (or 'choisissons' and 'choisissez'), does the double s sound more like a 's' or 'z'?

Asked 4 months ago
LauraKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Bonjour Katie,

The double ss is always pronounced [s]. You can hear those conjugations pronounced here:

https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/verbs/choisir

https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/verbs/finir

A single s may be pronounced [s] or [z], depending on the letters around it.

For more info, please see S pronunciation.

Katie asked:View original

Pronunciation of the double 's'

For the pronunciation of 'finissons' and 'finissez' (or 'choisissons' and 'choisissez'), does the double s sound more like a 's' or 'z'?

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I did a test based on the My Recommendations lessons and got a perfect score. How come I don't receive new lessons or move to a different level?

Asked 5 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi John,

I believe that we have emailed you about this question directly, if you have any follow-up questions please respond by email as this is language forum .

Hope this helps!

I did a test based on the My Recommendations lessons and got a perfect score. How come I don't receive new lessons or move to a different level?

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TreA1

Terrestre 5 je

6
Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq language super star
What's your question, Tre?

Terrestre 5 je

6

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SusanneA1

Just wondering why the pronunciation button doesn't also have a slowed down version to listen to.

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Susanne,

This feature has been requested by a few people. it's a little technically challenging to do but it is on our wish list so we are considering it.

RoyA1
I have used the "slow down" version but get shocked at the speed French is spoken and have a hard time understanding. It's better to start with the normal speed of conversation.
Susanne asked:View original

Just wondering why the pronunciation button doesn't also have a slowed down version to listen to.

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Common exceptions

The lesson states "Most verbs ending -ir in Le Présent (Present Tense) conjugate like this:" but sortir, mentir and partir are very comon verbs endng in -ir that have a different rule so shouldn't the lesson discuss both groups smultaneously, otherwise a student gets misled until sometime later when the other is introduced with a similarly simplistic description.
Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi David,

This is a good point but in my experience this is how groups of verbs in learning French have always been taught.

You start off with the three groups of regular verbs and then you learn the exceptions and irregular verbs.

In time, you will be able to know which end in 

 'is, is, it, issons, issez, issent'

and learn the irregular ones each separately.

In my opinion the two most important verbs in that category are 'finir' and 'choisir', and you will get used to how they conjugate.

It might be reconforting to know that almost 90% of French verbs are those ending in ER ( according to Le Petit Robert), so by far the biggest group, and only 6% are verbs ending in IR...

Hope this helps!

 

It should be edited as it is definatley misleading.  It is not the number of verbs congugated in this way that counts (in fact this is completely irrelevant) but how often they are used and partir and sortir are extremely common as mentioned.

It is not because French is taught that way that we should keep doing something misleading!!!

Common exceptions

The lesson states "Most verbs ending -ir in Le Présent (Present Tense) conjugate like this:" but sortir, mentir and partir are very comon verbs endng in -ir that have a different rule so shouldn't the lesson discuss both groups smultaneously, otherwise a student gets misled until sometime later when the other is introduced with a similarly simplistic description.

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why is this in the plural and not the singular "Je finis mes devoirs."

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Chris,

'Devoirs' in the plural is homework and 'devoir' in the singular is 'duty'.

e.g. Il a fait son devoir. He has done his duty.

Hope this helps!

why is this in the plural and not the singular "Je finis mes devoirs."

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Note about répartir

The note about répartir in this lesson:

Note that the verb répartir is NOT a derivative of partir, but shares its root with the word repartition, and does follow the regular -IR conjugation.

Is a little confusing, because 'partir' is not mentioned anywhere, and there is a very subtle difference with 'repartir' that is also not mentioned. Having some of this context would help!

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Rant,

I understand your confusion ..

The verb 'partir' isn't included because it is an irregular verb and does not conjugate like the regular verbs ending in IR, 'finir''choisir'  which go

" issons, issez, issent" in the plural forms BUT

je pars, tu pars, il/elle/on part, nous partons , vous partez, ils/elles partent.

Répartir however is a regular verb , and follow the regular verbs ending in IR conjugation rules.

Hopes this helps!

 

 

Note about répartir

The note about répartir in this lesson:

Note that the verb répartir is NOT a derivative of partir, but shares its root with the word repartition, and does follow the regular -IR conjugation.

Is a little confusing, because 'partir' is not mentioned anywhere, and there is a very subtle difference with 'repartir' that is also not mentioned. Having some of this context would help!

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RonC1

Example sounds

Elles choisissent leurs robes. --> They're choosing their dresses. When I play the pronunciation for this phrase, it sounds like this: Elles choisissent sa robe. Is it possible that is what is being said, en erreur? Merci.
Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Ron, 

I have listened to the example you mention and its pronunciation is correct. However, Gruff has the following to say about another point of pronunciation queried by a Kwiziq user which might explain a slight distortion:

 "We use state-of-the-art synthethic voices which are trained to speak using very large databases of experienced French natives narrating texts"

Hope this helps!

 

RonC1
Since this question has not been responded to, please disregard it.

Example sounds

Elles choisissent leurs robes. --> They're choosing their dresses. When I play the pronunciation for this phrase, it sounds like this: Elles choisissent sa robe. Is it possible that is what is being said, en erreur? Merci.

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JimA1

Can't get the pronunciations to repeat.

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Jim,

I have checked on my laptop and didn't encounter a problem, could it be your device?

 

 

RonC1
Bonjour Jim, I just listened to all of the phrase pronunciations and did not have an issue. I am quite certain the Kwiziq team will look into it for you.

Can't get the pronunciations to repeat.

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why is it that

the conjugation is different from kwiziq's everywhere else it is like sortir or partir!!
Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Amani ! Regular -IR verbs are the ones following the conjugation of "finir", or as they're called in French "2nd group verbs". Every other -IR verb not following "finir" pattern are considered irregular, and belong to the 3rd group of conjugation in French. Have a look at our related glossary articles: https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/glossary/verb-conjugation-group/regular-ir-verbs-or-verbs-of-the-second-group https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/glossary/verb-conjugation-group/regular-ir-verbs-or-verbs-of-the-second-group I hope that's helpful! Bonne Année !

why is it that

the conjugation is different from kwiziq's everywhere else it is like sortir or partir!!

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Thanks for including the pronunciation of the third person plural--those always throw me off!

Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq language super star
Happy to help! :-)

Thanks for including the pronunciation of the third person plural--those always throw me off!

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AnnA2

Miranda est en train de finir de faire sa valise (ou) Miranda est en train de faire sa valise?

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Ann ! Well, both sentences are correct in French, depending on you meaning "Miranda is finishing packing her suitcase" or "Miranda is packing her suitcase". The nuance is the same in French as in English. À bientôt !

Miranda est en train de finir de faire sa valise (ou) Miranda est en train de faire sa valise?

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Getting that for you now.