Using 'ne ... pas' with reflexive verbs in compound tenses (negation)

Look at these sentences:

Je ne me suis pas amusée.
I didn't have fun.

Tu ne t'es pas réveillé à temps.
You didn't wake up on time.

Il ne s'est pas reposé longtemps.
He didn't rest for long.

Elles ne se sont pas rasées cette semaine.
They didn't shave this week.

When using a negative structure like "ne/n'...pas" with reflexive verbs in compound tenses, ne/n' is placed before the reflexive pronoun "me/te/se/nous/vous/se", and pas comes after the conjugated verb être.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Je ne me suis pas amusée.
I didn't have fun.


Il ne s'est pas reposé longtemps.
He didn't rest for long.


Elles ne se sont pas rasées cette semaine.
They didn't shave this week.


Tu ne t'es pas réveillé à temps.
You didn't wake up on time.


Q&A Forum 3 questions, 4 answers

Nous ne nous sommes pas couchés hier soir

I’m having real difficulty pronouncing this sentence  and I’m wondering whether in conversation the « ne » is dropped to ease pronunciation.

Asked 2 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Karl,

Yes, you can drop the ‘ne’ in conversation and you will rarely hear it pronounced in every day informal speech in France.

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Using reflexives

When using a reflexive verb, e.g., se laver, se lever, se réveiller, etc., I was under the impression that in the second person plural (vous) an "S" was added to the verb in the passé composé. Am I wrong?
Asked 7 years ago
RonC1Correct answer
Bonjour Donald,
This seems to me to be a contextual type issue. If «vous» is being used in the formal sense and speaking to one person, then no «-s» would be included; however, on the other hand if it is used in the plural sense, then yes an «-s» would be added. When looking at an example that uses the «nous» form, the «-s» was added to indicate plural.

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How to form a question

by inverting a sentence that is both negative and in a compound tense, please?
Asked 7 years ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Cheryl ! Let's take this negative statement in Le Passé Composé: "Tu n'as pas mangé aujourd'hui." (You haven't eaten today.) In an inverted question, it will become: "N'as-tu pas mangé aujourd'hui ?" Also have a look at our lesson on inverted questions in Le Passé Composé: https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/how-to-form-inverted-questions-in-le-passe-compose-conversational-past I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !
Thank you Aurélie.

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