Quelque(s) vs (un) peu de = A couple/a few vs a bit of/few (indefinite adjectives)

quelque (singular) 

You will generally only come across the singular form in a very few fixed expressions, such as quelqu'un (someone), quelque part (some where), quelque temps (some time / a while).

Je la connais depuis quelque temps.I've known her for some time.

quelques (plural)

Used with countable things it means a couple of, some, a few.

Il a quelques livres à lire.He has a few books to read.

J'ai acheté quelques bougies pour décorer ma chambre.I bought a couple of candles to decorate my bedroom.

Here also see Quelques, plusieurs, de nombreux = A few, several, many (quantities)

[un] peu de 

Used with uncountable quantities, un peu de means a little, a bit of

J'ai un peu de lait.I have a little (bit of) milk.

Tu t'es amusé hier? - Un peu.Did you enjoy yourself yesterday? A bit.
 

and peu de means little, not much of, few

Nous avons peu d'argent.We have little money.  
We haven't got much money.

Elle a peu d'amis.She has few friends.

 

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Examples and resources

Nous avons peu d'argent.We have little money.  
We haven't got much money.
Il a quelques livres à lire.He has a few books to read.
J'ai acheté quelques bougies pour décorer ma chambre.I bought a couple of candles to decorate my bedroom.
J'ai quelques amis qui vont me rendre visite. I have some friends who are going to visit me.
Elle a peu d'amis.She has few friends.
Je la connais depuis quelque temps.I've known her for some time.
J'ai un peu de lait.I have a little (bit of) milk.
Tu t'es amusé hier? - Un peu.Did you enjoy yourself yesterday? A bit.
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