Prepositions with seasons: en, l', au

In French, you will have different ways to say that something takes place in one of the four seasons (winter, spring, summer, autumn).

Look at the examples using the four seasons: 

En hiver, je vais skier.
In winter, I go skiing.

L'hiver, il fait très froid.
In winter, it's very cold.

En été, je mange beaucoup de glaces!
In summer, I eat a lot of ice cream!

L'été, on bronze sur la plage.
In summer, we tan on the beach.

En automne, les feuilles tombent des arbres.
In autumn, leaves fall from the trees.

L'automne, on retourne à l'école.
In autumn, we go back to school.

To say in + [winter, summer, autumn], you will use either : 

en + [hiver, été, automne]
or
l' + [hiver, été, automne] 

You will do the liaison between en and the vowel (été, automne) or mute h (hiver).

ATTENTION :

Au printemps, on se sent heureux.
In spring, we feel happy.

To say in spring in French, you will only use :

au printemps

 

Note that all seasons are masculine in French.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

L'automne, on retourne à l'école.
In autumn, we go back to school.


L'hiver, il fait très froid.
In winter, it's very cold.


En hiver, je vais skier.
In winter, I go skiing.


Au printemps, on se sent heureux.
In spring, we feel happy.


L'été, on bronze sur la plage.
In summer, we tan on the beach.


En été, je mange beaucoup de glaces!
In summer, I eat a lot of ice cream!


En automne, les feuilles tombent des arbres.
In autumn, leaves fall from the trees.


Vive le temps, vive le temps,
Vive le temps d'hiver,

Long live the weather, long live the weather,
Long live the winter weather,


Q&A

Fran

Kwiziq community member

16 March 2019

1 reply

In spoken French, is there a liaison between "sent heureux"?

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

17 March 2019

17/03/19

Hi Fran,

It is one of those optional liaisons...

Shrey

Kwiziq community member

28 February 2019

2 replies

Example not relating to the lesson.

Bonjour Madame !

Thank you for your support and Yes, I will surely co-operate with your French team with my queries in future and provide you sufficient time to answer my problems.

The example “ Vive le temps, vive le temps, vive le temps d’hiver doesn’t relate to en, l’ , au as being taught in the lesson. It might be a special, specific case. Thank you for your feedback.

Merci bien et bonne journée !

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

6 March 2019

6/03/19

Hi  Shrey,

The preposition 'de' is  often used in French to link two nouns together (which isn't required in English) unless they are separated by a hyphen (centre-villepause-café ...)

For instance in this example it is 'winter weather/ time' .

So you would have - 

Un arrêt d'autobus a bus stop

Hope this helps!

 

 

Shrey

Kwiziq community member

6 March 2019

6/03/19

Thank you Madame Cécile for explicating this very particular case of “de”.

Merci encore ! Bonne journée !

Johanna

Kwiziq community member

22 January 2019

2 replies

D’hiver?

When do you use this construct? I see it in the example. 

Chris

Kwiziq community member

22 January 2019

22/01/19

La saison d'hiver est pleine de neige. -- The winter season is full of snow.

Just as an example.

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

23 January 2019

23/01/19

Hi Johanna,

You could also say -

Des vêtements ou des chaussures d’hiver = Winter clothes/ shoes

Hope this helps!

 

Else

Kwiziq community member

10 October 2018

4 replies

En ?

En été, je mange beaucoup de glaces!
In summer, I eat a lot of ice cream!

L'été, on bronze sur la plage.
In summer, we tan on the beach.

(i don't understand why it is not "En été, on bronze sur la plage"

Chris

Kwiziq community member

10 October 2018

10/10/18

Hi Else,

either option is fine: en été or l'été. You could just as well say en été on bronze sur la plage.

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

10 October 2018

10/10/18

Hi Else,

As the lesson says, you can use either  'en' or 'l'  for été , hiver, automne and 'au' or 'le' for printemps.

Hope this helps!

 

Else

Kwiziq community member

10 October 2018

10/10/18

thanks - I thought 'en' might be for the more general statement and 'L' ' for the more specific activity in the season?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

10 October 2018

10/10/18

Nope, either is fine.

Serian

Kwiziq community member

30 September 2018

2 replies

Is there any meaning change between en/l'?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

30 September 2018

30/09/18

Not that I would be aware of. 

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

1 October 2018

1/10/18

Hi Serian,

As the lesson says, you can use either...

Johnny

Kwiziq community member

25 July 2016

2 replies

D' and du

The lesson doesn't mention d' and du at all, yet they're in the title. Is there something I should know about d' and du with seasons? Thanks.

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

25 July 2016

25/07/16

Bonjour Johnny ! Thanks so much for pointing this out: we've now removed these superfluous mentions from this lesson's title. Merci encore et à bientôt !

Anish

Kwiziq community member

29 June 2017

29/06/17

Hi Aurélie, there is one remaining- Vive le temps, vive le temps,Vive le temps d'hiver,
Clever stuff underway!