Tu and vous are used for three types of you

In French there are two words for you but they cover three distinct cases:

Tu as faim?Are you hungry?

Vous avez faim? Are you hungry?

Vous avez faim?Are you hungry?

Two singular "you"s

- Tu is used to address someone informally: a friend, a relative or someone close.

- Vous is used to address someone formally: someone older, a superior at work, or just someone you don't know well.

One plural "you"

Vous is also used to address (formally or informally) two or more people.

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Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

To ask your children, Jean et Aurélie, if they're hungry


Vous avez faim?Are you hungry?

To ask your friend, Michel, if he's hungry


Tu as faim?Are you hungry?

To ask your manager, M. Dupont, if he's hungry


Vous avez faim? Are you hungry?
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