Conjugate verbs in -aindre, -eindre, -oindre in Le Présent (present tense)

Among -DRE verbs, there is a group that behaves irregularly in Le Présent, but which follows the same pattern: the verbs in -AINDRE, -EINDRE and -OINDRE.

 

Look at these three examples:

 

CRAINDRE (to fear) PEINDRE (to paint) JOINDRE (to join)
je crains je peins je joins
tu crains tu peins tu joins
il/elle/on craint il/elle/on peint il/elle/on joint
nous craignons nous peignons nous joignons
vous craignez vous peignez vous joignez
ils/elles craignent ils/elles peignent ils/elles joignent

 

Others verbs following this pattern include:

rejoindre (to meet up)

contraindre (to force)

se plaindre (to complain)

éteindre (to turn off / to switch off)

dépeindre (to depict)

feindre (to feign)

geindre (to whimper)

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Tu nous rejoins plus tard.
You're meeting us later.



Nous peignons ensemble.
We paint together.


Je me plains rarement.
I rarely complain.


Ils craignent pour leurs vies.
They fear for their lives.


Il geint beaucoup.
He whimpers a lot.



Vous joignez vos forces.
You join forces.



Q&A Forum 1 question, 2 answers

AndreaA2Kwiziq community member

Would or would not?

In the short quiz, the sentence was  'Nous craignons qu'il  ne change d'avis". The correct answer given was : 'We fear that he would change his mind'. Because of the 'ne', should the answer be " We fear that he would NOT change his mind?  I also want to know whether 'change d'avis' is an expression?     Thanks.

Asked 4 weeks ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

The "ne" in that sentence is purely stylistic and does not mean a negation. It is called "ne-explétif" and there are lessons on that topic on kwiziq at a higher level.

The expression is changer d'avis -- to change one's mind. Change is the subjunctive present of the verb changer.

JeanC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Bonjour Andrea,

 The clue that you are seeing the ne-expletif as Chris mentioned is that the "pas" is absent. For it to be a negative statement, there would have been a ne ... pas. 

Would or would not?

In the short quiz, the sentence was  'Nous craignons qu'il  ne change d'avis". The correct answer given was : 'We fear that he would change his mind'. Because of the 'ne', should the answer be " We fear that he would NOT change his mind?  I also want to know whether 'change d'avis' is an expression?     Thanks.

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