Conjugate verbs in -aindre, -eindre, -oindre in Le Présent (present tense)

Among -DRE verbs, there is a group that behaves irregularly in Le Présent, but which follows the same pattern: the verbs in -AINDRE, -EINDRE and -OINDRE.

 

Look at these three examples:

 

CRAINDRE (to fear) PEINDRE (to paint) JOINDRE (to join)
je crains je peins je joins
tu crains tu peins tu joins
il/elle/on craint il/elle/on peint il/elle/on joint
nous craignons nous peignons nous joignons
vous craignez vous peignez vous joignez
ils/elles craignent ils/elles peignent ils/elles joignent

 

Others verbs following this pattern include:

rejoindre (to meet up)

contraindre (to force)

se plaindre (to complain)

éteindre (to turn off / to switch off)

dépeindre (to depict)

feindre (to feign)

geindre (to whimper)

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Il geint beaucoup.He whimpers a lot.
Vous joignez vos forces.You join forces.
Tu nous rejoins plus tard.You're meeting us later.
Nous peignons ensemble.We paint together.
Je me plains rarement.I rarely complain.
Ils craignent pour leurs vies.They fear for their lives.

Q&A Forum 2 questions, 4 answers

MelodyB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

peignons pronunciation?

I wonder if the audio file for "Nous peignons ensemble" is correct.  It sounded like "peignions" to me, and it doesn't sound the same as in the youtube.  Or are there two different pronunciations for "peignons"?

Asked 1 month ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Melody,

I agree with you that it does sound like 'peignions' . It has now been fixed. Thank you for pointing it out...

MelodyB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thank you very much Cecile (sorry about the missing accent).  

I only noticed this b/c In learning French (as a serious retirement project) , I've paid a lot of attention to pronunciation.  I wanted to be able to speak with French people in France, and I figured that unless I pronounced the French correctly, I wouldn't be understood.  That said, years ago when I went to Paris to celebrate my 40th birthday I found people to be incredibly tolerant of my really really bad French. 

What I finally noticed is that these verbs (in this lesson) all have a nasal "i" sound in them.  That makes is so much easier to remember the nous, vous and ils/elles conjugations.  For example, peignons and NOT peindons, which would have been my first guess.   As to why this is,  my guess is that peignons is much easier to pronounce. and "peindons" .... well, "Ce n'est pas joli".   

peignons pronunciation?

I wonder if the audio file for "Nous peignons ensemble" is correct.  It sounded like "peignions" to me, and it doesn't sound the same as in the youtube.  Or are there two different pronunciations for "peignons"?

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AndreaA2Kwiziq community member

Would or would not?

In the short quiz, the sentence was  'Nous craignons qu'il  ne change d'avis". The correct answer given was : 'We fear that he would change his mind'. Because of the 'ne', should the answer be " We fear that he would NOT change his mind?  I also want to know whether 'change d'avis' is an expression?     Thanks.

Asked 5 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

The "ne" in that sentence is purely stylistic and does not mean a negation. It is called "ne-explétif" and there are lessons on that topic on kwiziq at a higher level.

The expression is changer d'avis -- to change one's mind. Change is the subjunctive present of the verb changer.

JeanC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Bonjour Andrea,

 The clue that you are seeing the ne-expletif as Chris mentioned is that the "pas" is absent. For it to be a negative statement, there would have been a ne ... pas. 

Would or would not?

In the short quiz, the sentence was  'Nous craignons qu'il  ne change d'avis". The correct answer given was : 'We fear that he would change his mind'. Because of the 'ne', should the answer be " We fear that he would NOT change his mind?  I also want to know whether 'change d'avis' is an expression?     Thanks.

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