In French, there are words that express a part of something (some or any in questions).
Learn how to say "some" in French
Look at the examples:
Tu veux du café ?Do you want some coffee?
Je mets de la confiture sur ma tartine.I put (some) jam on my toast.
Tu as de l'argent ?Do you have (any) money?
Tu veux des épinards ?Do you want some spinach?
Est-ce que tu as de la farine ?Do you have any flour?
When things are countable (dogs, cars etc.) and you want to say some things, you use des.
Il y a des chiens dans ce parc.There are some dogs in that park.
There are dogs in that park.
, with uncountable
things, we use du, de la, de l', des
to say some
, as such:
||Je mange de la confiture.
(I eat some jam.)
Il achète du pain.
(He buys some bread.)
Noun starting with a vowel
or mute h
||Tu achètes de l'huile.
(You buy some oil.)
Plural uncountable noun
||Tu manges des épinards.
(You eat some spinach.)
Some words can be both countable and not countable
, for example chocolat,
can mean chocolate
(in general) or chocolates
(individual sweets). Depending on which it is, use the correct article, like this:
J'ai des chocolats dans ma poche. (I have some chocolates in my pocket.)
Je veux du chocolat tout de suite. (I want some chocolate right now.)
Partitive articles behave differently in negative sentences (ne...pas)
See the related lesson: Du/de la/de l'/des all become de/d' in negative sentences (French Partitive Articles)
Grammar jargon: Names for uncountable things like milk are sometimes called mass nouns as well as uncountable nouns.
Partitive articles, du, de la, & de l' (some/any) are used with mass nouns. Definite articles (le, la, l', les) and indefinite articles (un/une/des) are used with countable nouns.
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