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Forming the feminine of nouns and adjectives ending in -ien, -ion, -on

Look at these nouns and adjectives ending in -ien, -ion, and -on :

Ton fils est mignon, et ta fille est mignonne aussi.
Your son is cute, and your daughter is cute too.

 

Il y a un château ancien et une église ancienne.
There is an ancient castle and an ancient church.

Voilà un bon gâteau et une bonne boisson.
Here is a good cake and a good drink.

Usain Bolt est un champion.Serena Williams est une championne.
Usain Bolt is a champion. Serena Williams is a champion.

Au zoo, il y a un lion et une lionne.
At the zoo, there is a lion and a lioness.

Andrew est australien, et Emma est aussi australienne.
Andrew is Australian, and Emma is also Australian.

 


Note that to form the feminine form of nouns and adjectives ending in -ien, -ion and -on, you double the 'n' and add an 'e' at the end, e.g. -ienne, -ionne and -onne.


Cases of nationalities: 

Note that nationalities used as adjectives are NOT capitalised, whereas they are capitalised when used as nouns:

Ma petite amie est canadienne.
My girlfriend is Canadian.

Je connais un Canadien qui vit de l'autre côté de la rue.
I know a Canadian who lives across the street.

 

 

See also Forming the feminine of adjectives ending in -el, -eil, -il, -ul, -et, -s

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Usain Bolt est un champion.Serena Williams est une championne.
Usain Bolt is a champion. Serena Williams is a champion.


Voilà un bon gâteau et une bonne boisson.
Here is a good cake and a good drink.


Andrew est australien, et Emma est aussi australienne.
Andrew is Australian, and Emma is also Australian.


Il y a un château ancien et une église ancienne.
There is an ancient castle and an ancient church.


Ton fils est mignon, et ta fille est mignonne aussi.
Your son is cute, and your daughter is cute too.


Je connais un Canadien qui vit de l'autre côté de la rue.
I know a Canadian who lives across the street.


Au zoo, il y a un lion et une lionne.
At the zoo, there is a lion and a lioness.


Ma petite amie est canadienne.
My girlfriend is Canadian.


J'ai un chien et une chienne.
I have a dog and a female dog.


Q&A

Anish

Kwiziq community member

23 June 2017

2 replies

Hi, some of the pronunciations sound robotic.

The pronunciation is not clear. Is it possible to have better recordings.

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

23 June 2017

23/06/17

Hi Anish - thanks for pointing that out. I've regenerated them with new voices so have a listen again and let me know if they're better? Best, Gruff.

Stefanie

Kwiziq community member

19 January 2018

19/01/18

still robotic :)
Clever stuff underway!