Ne ... plus = No more, no longer (negation)

Look at these negatives sentences:

Je n'aime plus Théo.
I don't love Théo any more.
I no longer love Théo.
I love Théo no more.

Il ne nage plus le lundi.
He doesn't swim on Mondays any more.

Les oiseaux ne viennent plus dans cet arbre.
The birds don't come in this tree any more/longer ...

To express "not any more / no longer" in French, you use "ne ... plus". You put 'ne' (or n' when before a vowel or a silent 'h') before the verb and 'plus' after the verb.

Note that when "plus" has a negative meaning (no more), you don't pronounce the final 's', except when you do the liaison with a vowel following ('z' sound)

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources



Les oiseaux ne viennent plus dans cet arbre.
The birds don't come in this tree any more/longer ...


Je n'aime plus Théo.
I don't love Théo any more.
I no longer love Théo.
I love Théo no more.


Il ne nage plus le lundi.
He doesn't swim on Mondays any more.


Q&A

Jennifer

Kwiziq community member

7 October 2017

3 replies

The pronunciation of plus

Apart from when liaison occursas mentioned in this lesson, when is the s pronounced in plus. Confused.

Ron

Kwiziq community member

9 October 2017

9/10/17

Bonjour Jennifer,
While Aurélie does an excellent job in providing the pronunciation rule, I have located a couple of other sites that, perhaps, can give you some added insight:
https://frenchmoments.eu/pronunciation-of-french-adverb-plus-when-to-sound-the-s/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fvc6KpW7jfw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uv7nTsxUy30
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UaA8pcL8LeQ
https://www.thoughtco.com/learn-french-expressions-with-plus-4084866
I, too, have difficulty in remembering exactly when to pronounce the «-s».
I hope you find these helpful.
J'espère que ma réponse vous aiderait.
Bonne chance et bonne continuation dans vos études en français, la langue de Molière et qui a été utilisé par le monde français depuis l’époque d’Hugues Capet

Chris

Kwiziq community member

17 October 2017

17/10/17

The grammatical answer is: when "plus" is used as a pronoun meaning "more" you pronounce the final s. When it means "less" or when it is used as part of a negation you don't pronounce the s (unless it is followed by a vowel).

Plus de messages (with silent s) = no more messages
Plus de messages (with s pronounced) = more messages

In this case you can't devine the meaning unless you know the context or you hear it spoken.

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

Jennifer

Kwiziq community member

18 October 2017

18/10/17

Thank you both for that. I will be checking out the sites you quoted Ron and Chris your answer reminds me why I find it so difficult to remember when to pronounce and when not.

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