Me, te, nous, vous = Me, you, us, you (direct and indirect object pronouns)

In English we have different pairs of words like I/me, he/him, she/her, we/us, you/you which we use depending on which 'side' of a verb they're on: 

e.g. She admires her

I give it to him (or, I give him it)

He gives it to me (or, He gives me it)

(Notice that in the cases with 'to', the words can switch around and the 'to' vanishes, and something very similar happens in French with verbs that have à in them)

These are called subject pronouns (left) and object pronouns (right).  

French has similar pairs which we use:

Subject Pronoun Object Pronoun
je me
tu te
nous nous
vous vous

See how they get used in real sentences:

Je me demande si c'est possible.
I ask myself if it's possible.

Je te parle.
I'm speaking to you.

Tu nous parles
You're speaking to us

Je vous attends
I'm waiting for you



Je t'aime.
I love you.



Note that they always come before the verb.

And when followed by a vowel or mute "h", me and te become m' and t' .




Grammar note
: Remember verbs always have a subject (je/tu etc.) but only some have objects. Use object pronouns to replace nouns that are the object of the verb.

Tip: If the words "object pronoun" strike horror and panic into your heart, take a look at the cartoon video in the examples which explains them. They're actually pretty easy to figure out.

 

See also Position of direct and indirect object pronouns with negation 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Je vous attends
I'm waiting for you


Je t'aime.
I love you.


Je me demande si c'est possible.
I ask myself if it's possible.


Je te parle.
I'm speaking to you.


Subject, verbs and objects (direct and indirect) MADE EASY!


Tu nous parles
You're speaking to us



Q&A

ca

Kwiziq community member

7 October 2018

8 replies

May I ask this?

ll envoie les fleurs à Sophie

to 

ll les lui envoie. Why not 

ll lui les envoie 

is this totally wrong? Please clarify. Thank you. 

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

7 October 2018

7/10/18

Hi Ca,

This is because of the order of multiple pronouns in a French sentence- 

The direct object pronouns (les) will be before the indirect object ones (lui).

Take a look at the following lesson for further examples:

Using direct and indirect object pronouns together (double object pronouns)

Hope this helps!

ca

Kwiziq community member

8 October 2018

8/10/18

Hi, I just check that. 

 ll envoie les fleurs à Sophie 

To 

ll les lui envoie. 

ll te la envoie. 

Is the only way say this? 

is ll lui... In any situation would be wrong?

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

9 October 2018

9/10/18

Hi Ca,

Il les lui envoie Il envoie les fleurs à Sophie

Il te l'envoie = Il envoie la lettre/le livre à toi

Il te les envoie = Il envoie les fleurs à toi

Il lui parle/envoie = he speaks /sends to him/her

Hope this helps, let me know if still unclear....

Chris

Kwiziq community member

9 October 2018

9/10/18

Here is a nice self contained article which explains the pronomial order in French:

https://www.dummies.com/languages/french/object-pronoun-word-order-in-french/

ca

Kwiziq community member

11 October 2018

11/10/18

Hi Cécile,

Do you mean ll lui is possible to use like ll lui parle/ll lui envoie

but if ll les lui that's the only way to explain ll envoie les fleurs à Sophie.

ll lui les, les can't be the indirect object here? 

ca

Kwiziq community member

11 October 2018

11/10/18

thanks Chris for sharing the link.

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

11 October 2018

11/10/18

Hi Ca, 

You cannot say :

Il lui les  

always -

Il les lui ....envoie

 

ca

Kwiziq community member

12 October 2018

12/10/18

Hi Cécile, 

Merci beaucoup.

Anna

Kwiziq community member

13 September 2018

1 reply

Bonjour!

Chris

Kwiziq community member

14 September 2018

14/09/18

Bonjour!

Kyaw

Kwiziq community member

7 July 2018

2 replies

Bonjouf

Please give us an example that includes both direct and indirect object pronouns.  Such as I gave it to him.

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

8 July 2018

8/07/18

Bonjour Kyaw,

Je le lui ai donné = I gave it to him ( it 'being singular and male in French e.g. le stylo)

Je la lui ai donnée = I gave it to him ( it being singular and female e.g. la valise )

Hope this helps!

Kyaw

Kwiziq community member

8 July 2018

8/07/18

Je vous remercie.

ca

Kwiziq community member

15 January 2018

3 replies

Je l'appelle.

Hi, how do we usually know what is the L' referring here normally?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

15 January 2018

15/01/18

Only context would tell. No way to tell from this sentence alone.

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

ca

Kwiziq community member

17 January 2018

17/01/18

Hi I refer to the sentence showed as example in the above video.

Chris

Kwiziq community member

17 January 2018

17/01/18

Then you would need to have seen the video to be able to infer whether it refers to a man or a woman. To know the difference is purely contextual and nothing to do with French grammar. -- Chris.
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