How to understand its a definite or indefinite articles in french

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Samuel

Kwiziq community member

30 August 2018

2 replies

How to understand its a definite or indefinite articles in french

This relates to:
Plurals of the and a = les and des (articles) -

Chris

Kwiziq community member

30 August 2018

30/08/18

Elle a des chats. -- She has (some) cats. -- indefinite

Elle a les chats. -- She has the cats. -- definite

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

31 August 2018

31/08/18

Hi Samuel,

The difference between definite and indefinite articles is actually important in French as many mistakes are made by confusing them as sometimes in  English no article is used ...

e.g.

J'aime les chats tigrés = I like tabby cats 

You use the definite article 'les' as it is presumed you like all the cats who come under that specification.

J'ai des chats très exigeants à la maison! = I have (some) very demanding cats at home! 

In this example you don't know which cats you are referring to , how many there are or what type of cats , so you use the indefinite article 'des'.

For more details take a look at the following lessons on each set of articles:  

https://french.kwiziq.com/my-languages/french/glossary/4

https://french.kwiziq.com/my-languages/french/glossary/5

Hope this helps!

 

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