Conjugate être (je suis, tu es, vous êtes) in Le Présent (present tense)

The verb être means to be.

Here's how to say I am and you are in French:

Je suis grand.
I am tall.

Tu es belle.
You are beautiful.

Vous êtes Mme Lupin.
You are Mrs Lupin.

Tu es qui ? 
Who are you?

Note that the verb form changes depending on who is acting. 

Remember that in French, to say you, you will use either: 

- tu to address one person you know well, i.e. informal and singular

- vous to address a group of people, i.e. plural OR one person in a professional context, or that you don't know well, i.e. formal and singular

See also Tu and vous are used for three types of you

Tu es qui ? 
Who are you?

Vous êtes qui ?
Who are you?

 

Here's a link to the full conjugation of être in Présent indicatif:
Conjugate être in Le Présent (present tense)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Tu es belle.
You are beautiful.


Vous êtes qui ?
Who are you?


Je suis grand.
I am tall.


Tu es qui ? 
Who are you?


Vous êtes Mme Lupin.
You are Mrs Lupin.


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Q&A Forum 23 questions, 33 answers

EBRA0Kwiziq community member

Studying French, for me, it is very interesting how verbs are congurated.

Asked 4 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

It is indeed...

Bonne continuation!

Studying French, for me, it is very interesting how verbs are congurated.

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KrisA0Kwiziq community member

I think when I was learning French years ago I was taught, "Qui est-ce que vous êtes?" to make the question with est-ce que. Is that too formal?

Asked 4 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Kris, 

It's the opposite, 

"Qui est-ce que vous êtes?"

is very informal.

I think when I was learning French years ago I was taught, "Qui est-ce que vous êtes?" to make the question with est-ce que. Is that too formal?

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BillC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Une question à propos de conjugaison

Bonjour,

Je voudrais poser une question à propos de conjugaison, particulièrement avec être.  Dans les cas où on a veut exprimer deux sujets en une seule phrase pour le même verbe, par exemple deux sujets séparés par une virgule, quel sujet détermine la forme verbale à utiliser ?  Par exemple, si je veux exprimer « tout le monde, surtout les jeunes,… » est-ce qu’on utiliserait « sont » après « les jeunes ?  Et quel est la règle qui détermine la bonne forme ?  Merci d’avance et j’espère que j’ai utilisé la bonne grammaire dans ces phrases, j’accueille les conseils.   

Asked 6 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Bonjour Bill,

Dans cette exemple, le verbe doit s'accorder avec 'tout le monde';

'surtout les jeunes' est presque entre parenthèses, et le sujet principal est 'tout le monde' qui est singulier donc,

est 

est correct...

Bonne continuation!

 

BillC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Pardon-moi, je suis sûr que j’ai demandé ça sur la mauvaise page, mais je ne savais pas où j’aurais dû demander ça.
BillC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

« Pardonne-moi » !  Je déteste quand je fais des erreurs, mais c’est mieux de faire des erreurs que de ne pas de tout écrire, non ?

BillC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Merci Cécile et bonne journée !

Une question à propos de conjugaison

Bonjour,

Je voudrais poser une question à propos de conjugaison, particulièrement avec être.  Dans les cas où on a veut exprimer deux sujets en une seule phrase pour le même verbe, par exemple deux sujets séparés par une virgule, quel sujet détermine la forme verbale à utiliser ?  Par exemple, si je veux exprimer « tout le monde, surtout les jeunes,… » est-ce qu’on utiliserait « sont » après « les jeunes ?  Et quel est la règle qui détermine la bonne forme ?  Merci d’avance et j’espère que j’ai utilisé la bonne grammaire dans ces phrases, j’accueille les conseils.   

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BrandonA0Kwiziq community member

"Vous etes qui" means "who are you". "Vous etes Mme Lupin" means "You are Mrs Lupin". How is that, I'm confused? I've only been studying two weeks!

Just not sure how this switches/changes from a question to a statement.

Asked 7 months ago
MichelleC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

As for "Vous êtes qui?", I don't know what this kind of question is called. It's not an est-ce question or an inversion question, but it's fairly typical. Pronoun--verb--question word.

That's just the syntax of French is this case. Maybe it helps you to think of "Vous êtes qui?" as "You are who?"

Actually "Vous êtes Mme Lupin", could be a question as well. You would simply have to raise your voice at the end of the sentence to make it one or place a question mark behind it when writing. We sometimes do this in English. For example, if someone tells you something that seems surprising you might say "It is?" or "You do?"

There are other types of questions, but I won't get into them as you just started learning French two weeks ago.

I hope this helps. 

"Vous etes qui" means "who are you". "Vous etes Mme Lupin" means "You are Mrs Lupin". How is that, I'm confused? I've only been studying two weeks!

Just not sure how this switches/changes from a question to a statement.

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JohnA1Kwiziq community member

Que est que ce?

Asked 8 months ago
CécileKwiziq team member

Vous avez une question John?

Que est que ce?

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ChelsieA0Kwiziq community member

Other Pronouns

Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Would you like to pose a question and, if so, what is it?

-- Chris. 

Other Pronouns

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GeorgiaA1Kwiziq community member

Pour les autres sujets?

C'est: Je suis Tu es Il est Elle est Nous sommes? Vous êtes Ils sont? Elles sont?
Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Yes, that seems correct to me.

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

Pour les autres sujets?

C'est: Je suis Tu es Il est Elle est Nous sommes? Vous êtes Ils sont? Elles sont?

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FranciscoA1Kwiziq community member

is it "vous êtes qui" always?

So if I'm asking to a group of people "Who are you?" the question would be the same as if I'd be asking that to a single person?? Is it vous êtes qui, no matter what? I was expecting it to be like "quis" or some plural there
Asked 1 year ago
LauraKwiziq team memberCorrect answer
Bonjour Francisco,

That's correct, qui is invariable.
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
No it is "vous êtes qui?" In this case one would probably use the inverted form of the question: "Qui êtes-vous?" By just looking at this sentence you couldn't tell whether it is about a single person being addressed formally or a group of people. But that is the same in English: "who are you" has a similar ambiguity. Greetings, -- Chris (not a native speaker)

is it "vous êtes qui" always?

So if I'm asking to a group of people "Who are you?" the question would be the same as if I'd be asking that to a single person?? Is it vous êtes qui, no matter what? I was expecting it to be like "quis" or some plural there

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NigelA0Kwiziq community member

Il est une pipe? Non, il est une peintre

Asked 1 year ago
AurélieKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Bonjour Nigel !

I love Magritte, what a great artist!

However, here's how we would say :

C'est une pipe ? Non, c'est une peinture (a painting) / un-e peintre (a painter).

Have a look at our related lesson:
https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/when-to-use-cest-or-il-est-elle-est-to-say-it-is

Bonne journée !

Il est une pipe? Non, il est une peintre

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AmandaA0Kwiziq community member

anyone?

does anyone know how to get a bigger level i transfered from a francophone school to an english school as a grade 8 but it put me as a0 instead of advanced and ive been getting 10-10 on the a2 test and it has not switched my level
Asked 2 years ago
GruffKwiziq team memberCorrect answer
Hi Amanda, levels are upgraded when students achieve a level Kwiziq score of 75% (silver shield).
AmandaA0Kwiziq community member
thank you for your help:)

anyone?

does anyone know how to get a bigger level i transfered from a francophone school to an english school as a grade 8 but it put me as a0 instead of advanced and ive been getting 10-10 on the a2 test and it has not switched my level

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PatrickA0Kwiziq community member

why is it that we can say je suis des parents, but not je suis des a amoureux?

I mean this as in, when we say je suis des parents we say I am a parent, but when we say je suis des a amoureux we say I'm lovers - which makes no sense. Maybe it's just des I am confused with?
Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Patrick ! First of all, you can never say "Je suis" with either "des parents" nor "des amoureux", as it's singular. You can say "Nous sommes des parents." or "Nous sommes parents." just like you say either "Nous sommes des amoureux." or "Nous sommes amoureux.". In the case with "des", you insist on the *person* = we are (some) parents/lovers; whereas in the second case, it becomes more of a characteristic: = We are parents (it's our function) / We are *in love*. I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !

why is it that we can say je suis des parents, but not je suis des a amoureux?

I mean this as in, when we say je suis des parents we say I am a parent, but when we say je suis des a amoureux we say I'm lovers - which makes no sense. Maybe it's just des I am confused with?

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SonjaA1Kwiziq community member

est-ce que tu es grand?

Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Sonja ! "Est-ce que tu es grand ?" means "Are you tall?" (addressing a man) Did you have a particular question about this? Bonne journée !

est-ce que tu es grand?

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AmyA0Kwiziq community member

Why do you have Tu es qui for informal and Vous etes qu for formal?

They seem like two completely different questions except the "qui" on the end of it.
Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Amy ! Following your question, I've decided to amend this lesson to make the distinction between formal and informal forms clearer :) The fact is that in French, we have two ways of saying "you", which can be used in three different contexts: - "tu" is to address *one* person you know well, i.e. "informal" and "singular" - "vous" is to address either: - *a group* of people, i.e. "plural" OR - *one* person in a professional context, or that you don't know well, i.e. "formal" and "singular" Also note that in French, verbs change for each different person (I, you, he, she...), hence the completely different morphology of the two questions :) I also added a link to our related lesson: I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !

Why do you have Tu es qui for informal and Vous etes qu for formal?

They seem like two completely different questions except the "qui" on the end of it.

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JoanA0Kwiziq community member

De and des

Why is it "Elles sont de meilleurs amies." and not "des", when the number of amies is plural? Isn't "de" for singular words, and "des" for plural?
Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour J ! This is a specific case when "des" become "de" when followed by an adjective. Please have a look at our related lesson: Using ''de / d' '' instead of 'des' in front of adjectives preceding nouns (partitive article)">Using ''de / d' '' instead of 'des' in front of adjectives preceding nouns (partitive article)">Using ''de / d' '' instead of 'des' in front of adjectives preceding nouns (partitive article)">Using ''de / d' '' instead of 'des' in front of adjectives preceding nouns (partitive article)

I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !

De and des

Why is it "Elles sont de meilleurs amies." and not "des", when the number of amies is plural? Isn't "de" for singular words, and "des" for plural?

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VincentA0Kwiziq community member

why is "tu es" and not "tu est£

Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Vincent ! In French, verbs have six different forms for each tense they're conjugated at. The verb "être" in Le Présent is as follows: je suis tu es il/elle/on est nous sommes vous êtes ils/elles sont I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !
VincentA0Kwiziq community member
Merci

why is "tu es" and not "tu est£

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RafaelA0Kwiziq community member

je suis grand et un peu calme

je suis grand et un peu calme

Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Rafael ! "un peu calme" means "a bit quiet" which sounds a bit weird. You could use "plutôt" (rather) or "assez" (quite) :) À bientôt !
RafaelA0Kwiziq community member
thanks

je suis grand et un peu calme

je suis grand et un peu calme

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KarenA1Kwiziq community member

Our French neighbours have told us to use "tu"

When asking if they have been away would you use vous as you are speaking to them as a couple? bit unsure on this
Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team member
Bonjour Karen, Yes, you can only use tu when talking to/about one of them. When talking about both, even if you're only addressing one at the moment, use vous.
KarenA1Kwiziq community member
Thank you, I didn't want to seem awkward using vous!

Our French neighbours have told us to use "tu"

When asking if they have been away would you use vous as you are speaking to them as a couple? bit unsure on this

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Deeksha A0Kwiziq community member

Any tips to learn conjugations of irregular verbs

mostly 4 pouvoir

Asked 3 years ago
GruffKwiziq team member
Hi Deeksha Here's a list of our general learning tips:

https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/hints-and-tips">https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/hints-and-tips">https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/hints-and-tips">https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/hints-and-tips

If you want to focus specifically on irregular conjugations then you can add specific lessons to your Kwiziq notebook and test against those.

Bonne chance!

Any tips to learn conjugations of irregular verbs

mostly 4 pouvoir

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NanB2Kwiziq community member

Bonjour à tous! Why is it "Vous êtes DES parents"?

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member

Bonjour Nan !

"Vous êtes des parents." means "You are parents." in a general way, i.e. you have children.
Here "des" is the indefinite article, see the related lesson: https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/plural-of-the-and-a-les-and-des-articles

You could also say "Vous êtes les parents." which would be specific to a given situation ("You are the parents (of that child)").

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Deeksha A0Kwiziq community member
got a doubt....etre conjucation ....vous etes means they are am i right or wrong ???!!! sorry for spelling errors ...typing on the keyboard thus not able to put the accents

Bonjour à tous! Why is it "Vous êtes DES parents"?

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SophiaA0Kwiziq community member

Vous êtes Aurélie et Laura

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Oui ! Et tu es Sophia !
DivyashreeA1Kwiziq community member
I thought Vous etez.. means You(plural) are....

Vous êtes Aurélie et Laura

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AllyC1Kwiziq community member

Je suis, tu es, il/elle/on est, nous sommes, vous êtes, ils sont

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member

Bonjour Ally,

Bravo! Indeed, if you want to practise the whole conjugation of être in Le Présent, add this lesson to your notebook:
https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/conjugate-etre-in-le-present-present-tense

À bientôt !

Je suis, tu es, il/elle/on est, nous sommes, vous êtes, ils sont

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MARIANA0Kwiziq community member

I have issues with the tenses and how to conjugate

Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team member
Bonjour Marian, It's very common to have trouble with conjugations; there's a lot to learn, but regular practice will help. Your personalized StudyPlan will keep kwizzing you on conjugations until you develop a high level of confidence, so just keep at it: https://french.kwiziq.com/my-languages/french Bon courage !

I have issues with the tenses and how to conjugate

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JohnA1Kwiziq community member

je joue - i play, i am playing

but then the example for en train is je suis en train de jouer - why does the form of play change?
Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team member

Bonjour John,

You're right that in French, je joue is equivalent to both "I play" and "I am playing."

But when you want to emphasize the fact that you're playing right now, you can use the expression être en train de jouer.

Jouer is in the infinitive because that's how French works: when you have two verbs (in this case, être and jouer), the first is conjugated and the second remains in the infinitive.

You can also use être en train de with other verbs: être en train de manger (to be eating), être en train d'étudier (to be studying), etc.

I hope this helps, bonne continuation !

je joue - i play, i am playing

but then the example for en train is je suis en train de jouer - why does the form of play change?

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Thinking...