Click here for a Daily Dose of Positivity Let's get through the coronavirus together »

Conjugate prendre and derivatives (+avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

Look at the examples of prendre in Le Passé Composé:

Hier soir, j'ai pris le dernier train pour rentrer chez moi.Last night, I took the last train home.

Tu as pris les clés avant de partir ?Did you take the keys before leaving?

Il a pris l'avion il y a deux jours.He took the plane two days ago.

Nous avons pris le train ce matin.We took the train this morning.

Vous avez pris des coups de soleil pendant vos vacances.You got sunburned on holidays.

Ils ont pris la grosse tête avec tout ce succès.They got big headed with all this success.

Note that in Le Passé Composé (conversational past), the verb prendre (to take) has an irregular past participle: pris, and uses avoir as an auxiliary.


*Other verbs ending in -prendre follow the same conjugation:

apprendre (to learn) -> appris
comprendre (to understand) -> compris
reprendre (to take back) -> repris
se méprendre (to mistake / to misunderstand) -> mépris
etc

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Ils ont pris la grosse tête avec tout ce succès.They got big headed with all this success.
Nous avons pris le train ce matin.We took the train this morning.
Vous avez pris des coups de soleil pendant vos vacances.You got sunburned on holidays.
J'ai appris le français à l'école.I learnt French at school.
Tu as pris les clés avant de partir ?Did you take the keys before leaving?
Il a pris l'avion il y a deux jours.He took the plane two days ago.
Hier soir, j'ai pris le dernier train pour rentrer chez moi.Last night, I took the last train home.

Q&A Forum 2 questions, 2 answers

MarenB1Kwiziq community member

se méprendre auxiliary verb: être or avoir?

Hello,

The lesson says that prendre and its derivatives take avoir as an auxiliary verb, including se méprendre. My understanding from previous lessons is that reflexive verbs takes être as the auxiliary. Can you please clarify? Thanks! 

Maren

Asked 1 month ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

You are absolutely correct: se méprendre requires the passé composé with être.

In the lesson, if you look carefully, you'll see that the comment about se méprendre addresses only its conjugation and not the use of avoir. It is easy to miss.

se méprendre auxiliary verb: être or avoir?

Hello,

The lesson says that prendre and its derivatives take avoir as an auxiliary verb, including se méprendre. My understanding from previous lessons is that reflexive verbs takes être as the auxiliary. Can you please clarify? Thanks! 

Maren

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

IanB1Kwiziq community member

Puis-je Prends?

Hello, when asking for food, is it more correct to say 'puis- je prends" rather than puis-je avoir? Thanks
Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team member

Bonjour,

Both prendre and avoir are acceptable, but note they need to be in the infinitive:

Puis-je prendre, Puis-je avoir.

Puis-je Prends?

Hello, when asking for food, is it more correct to say 'puis- je prends" rather than puis-je avoir? Thanks

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Find your French level for FREE

Test your French to the CEFR standard

Find your French level

Why not share the love?!

Clever stuff underway!