Conjugate regular -er, -ir, -dre verbs (+ avoir) in Le Plus-que-parfait (pluperfect tense)

Le Plus-que-parfait in French is the direct equivalent of the Pluperfect in English. It could be described as "the past of the past":

e.g. After I had eaten my dinner, I went for a walk.

Of course, English speakers are likely to make contractions: I'd eaten, etc.

 
Look at these regular verbs conjugated in the Plus-que-parfait:
 
J'avais mangé tous les biscuits, et il n'en restait aucun pour les invités !I had eaten all the biscuits, and there was none left for the guests!
 
Si nous l'avions choisi, nous l'aurions regretté.If we'd chosen him, we would have regretted it.
 
Après qu'elle lui avait avoué ce qu'elle ressentait, elle avait rougi.After she'd confessed to him how she felt, she'd blushed.
 
Vous aviez aimé ce concert.You had liked that concert.
 
Aviez-vous répondu à sa lettre à l'époque ?Had you answered her letter at the time?
 
Ils avaient tous entendu ce bruit.They had all heard this noise.
 

The Plus-que-parfait is formed on the same model as the Passé Composé, except avoir (or être) are here conjugated in the Imparfait.


For -ER verbs, you form the past participle by replacing the -er ending with -é.
For -IR verbs, you form the past participle by replacing the -ir ending with -i.
For -RE verbs, you form the past participle by replacing the -dre ending with -du.
 
Note: the exceptions of verbs with être instead of avoir are the same as in the Passé Composé.

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Examples and resources

aimer


Vous aviez aimé ce concert.You had liked that concert.

applaudir


Ce soir-là, ils avaient applaudi comme jamais auparavant.That evening, they'd applauded like never before.

choisir


Si nous l'avions choisi, nous l'aurions regretté.If we'd chosen him, we would have regretted it.

danser


Il avait danséHe had danced

écouter


Nous avions écoutéWe had listened

entendre


Ils avaient tous entendu ce bruit.They had all heard this noise.

jouer


Ils avaient joué toute la nuit.They had played all night.

manger


J'avais mangé tous les biscuits, et il n'en restait aucun pour les invités !I had eaten all the biscuits, and there was none left for the guests!

répondre


Aviez-vous répondu à sa lettre à l'époque ?Had you answered her letter at the time?

réussir


J'avais réussi à les convaincre.I had managed to convince them.

rougir


Après qu'elle lui avait avoué ce qu'elle ressentait, elle avait rougi.After she'd confessed to him how she felt, she'd blushed.

vendre


J'avais vendu ma vieille voiture.I had sold my old car.
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