Imperfect or perfect

RichardC1Kwiziq community member

Imperfect or perfect

In the lesson on simple Passive tenses an example is:

Les étudiants étaient accueillis par le directeur tous les ans.
The students were welcomed by the headteacher every year.

In this lesson, we have the example above: Elles ont été surprises par ...

They were surprised by ...


In both cases the English tense is the same, but it differs in French. Is it important, or can you choose whichever you prefer. 

Asked 3 weeks ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Actually you cannot choose. The first example needs to be imparfait (passive voice) and the second needs to be in passé composé. In the first sentence the phrase "tous les ans" points to an ongoing custom which asks for the imperfect tense in French. The second sentence (I assume, because it isn't quoted in its entirety) speaks about a single event.

In English you could translate the first sentence as: "The students used to be welcomed by the director every year." The phrase "used to be" as an attempt to capture the flavor of the imperfect tense.

MichelleC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

There are some cases where you can technically "chose" between imperfect or passé composé. While you have to use the imperfect in "Les étudiants étaient accueillis par le directeur tours les ans" because it is a repeated action, as Chris already explained, you DO have the choice when it comes to the second sentence. Both "Elles ont été surprises par..." and "Elles étaient surprises par..." are correct. Etre is one of those verbs that is usually in the imperfect, but can at times be used in the passé composé.  Nobody would bat an eye if you used one over the other here, but there are nuances. Using the imperfect implies the duration while the passé composé makes it sound like it was a very brief, short lived surprise rather than an ongoing state. Now if the surprising happened repeatedly, such as every year at their birthday or something like that, you would not have a choice anymore, it has to be in the imperfect. 

Imperfect or perfect

In the lesson on simple Passive tenses an example is:

Les étudiants étaient accueillis par le directeur tous les ans.
The students were welcomed by the headteacher every year.

In this lesson, we have the example above: Elles ont été surprises par ...

They were surprised by ...


In both cases the English tense is the same, but it differs in French. Is it important, or can you choose whichever you prefer. 

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Ask a question

Find your French level for FREE

Test your French to the CEFR standard

Find your French level >>
Let me take a look at that...