As Chris says, in French,
passer un examen, means to take an exam and
avoir un examen means to have passed it
It is what we call a faux-ami ( false friend or false cognate) you think it means the same in English but this is not the case. You will meet quite a few of those as you are learning.
To give another example , compare ,
Il passe son permis de conduire demain . ( He is taking his driving test tomorrow )
Ça y est ! il a son permis ( de conduire) , That's it ! He's passed his driving licence.
Hope this helps!
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