Passer chez qn: avoir ou etre?

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Dina

Kwiziq community member

14 July 2018

2 replies

Passer chez qn: avoir ou etre?

Hi!

I'm confused with the meaning "I pass by sth/sb", would you pls help to clarify?

in the examples to the lesson "Passer with etre and avoir... change meanings"  https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/my-languages/french/view/4583 the sentence Elle est passée chez Laurent hier is certainly used with "etre", while in the example to the current lesson the example with the same meaning as I can understand from translation implies "avoir": Je passe devant chez toi tous les matins.

What is the difference? Is there any particualar nuance?

Thanks!

This question relates to:
French lesson "Passer, se passer, se passer de (different meanings of 'passer')"

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

14 July 2018

14/07/18

Hi Dina,

In the examples you give the verb passer has two different meanings:

Je suis passé(e) d'abord chez elle avant de... = I dropped by her house before ... and it will use être in the perfect tense.

Je suis passé(e) devant chez toi ce matin= I went by your house this morning, will use être too.

The first verb implies a quick visit, to drop by/ to pop in.

The second is to pass by in a physical sense.

Passer quelque chose à quelqu'un to pass something to someone

will take avoir as will passer when it means to spend time .

Je lui ai passé le sel = I gave him the salt.

Nous avons passé de bons moments ensemble = We spent/had some good time together

Hope this helps!

Dina

Kwiziq community member

14 July 2018

14/07/18

Thanks, this helps!

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