Position of tout in "Elle a tout compris"

Thomas

Kwiziq community member

29 May 2017

6 replies

Position of tout in "Elle a tout compris"

"She understood everything." has "tout" after "a" as the correct answer in the test. But "she understood something." is "Elle a compris quelque chose." ... at least I think that is correct. Why?

This relates to:
Tout, tous, toute, toutes = Everything, all (of them), the whole -

Ron

Kwiziq community member

30 May 2017

30/05/17

Bonjour Thomas,
Tout, tous, toute, toutes = Everything, all (of them), the whole (indefinite pronouns) In the phrase Elle a tout compris, tout is an indefinite pronoun and pronouns typically go before a verb, in this case between the auxiliary of avoir and the participe passé; however, in the phrase Elle a compris quelque chose, quelque is an adjective and chose is a feminine noun and would follow the verb.
J'espère que ma réponse vous aiderez.
Ron

Thomas

Kwiziq community member

31 May 2017

31/05/17

Merci beaucoup!

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

1 June 2017

1/06/17

Excellent explication Ron :)

One tiny thing = "J'espère que ma réponse vous aidera." (it's your answer that helps) ;)

Ron

Kwiziq community member

1 June 2017

1/06/17

Merci Aurélie, c'était un typo.

Chris

Kwiziq community member

13 June 2017

13/06/17

Would it be correct to translate:

J'ai tout compris = I understood completely.
J'ai compris tout = I understood everything.

-- Chris.

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

16 June 2017

16/06/17

Bonjour Claus !

You wouldn't say "J'ai compris tout", only "J'ai tout compris" to say = I understood everything.

If you want to say "I understood completely" you will use another adverb:
"J'ai complètement / tout à fait compris."

See our lesson on position of adverbs with compound tenses:
https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/where-to-place-adverbs-with-verbs-in-compound-tenses

À bientôt !

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