Conjugate être, avoir, savoir in L'Impératif (imperative)

The verbs 'être', 'avoir' and 'savoir' are irregular in L'Impératif:

  être avoir savoir
tu sois aie sache
nous soyons ayons sachons
vous soyez ayez sachez

 

On their own, they're not terribly useful, but they are essential to express some commands.

Ne sois pas méchant!
Don't be mean!

Soyez gentilles! 
Be good!

N'aie pas peur! 
Don't be afraid!

Sache que je pense toujours à toi.
Know that I'm still thinking of you

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Soyez gentilles! 
Be good!


Ne sois pas méchant!
Don't be mean!



Sache que je pense toujours à toi.
Know that I'm still thinking of you



N'aie pas peur! 
Don't be afraid!


Q&A Forum 5 questions, 16 answers

Does this mean that these commands always use the subjunctive cSe

Asked 1 month ago
JimC1

It doesn't follow the pattern in the case of savoir (See nous).

The imperative mood is used to give instruction or command or orders.

The subjunctive mood is used to indicate uncertainty / doubt / emotion / desire.

So given that it does not follow at least in the case of savoir (nous) then I would say that it does not mean that "these commands always use use the subjunctive" 

Yes, nous sachons is the exception of the exception. Go figure! :)

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How come?

Asked 10 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi John.

There are two expressions, 'avoir du courage'  (to have courage ) or 'être courageux' (to be brave/courageous) .

So it will depend which you choose to use :

"Ayons du courage! " or

"Soyons courageux! "

 

Hope this helps!

No idea. What was your question?

Sorry Chris, I've lost this now but as I remember it the answer to 'Let's be courageous' is given as 'Soyons courageux'. My Collins-Robert dictionary gives 'Avoir du courage' as 'to have courage'. As with 'raison' and 'peur' shouldn't courage take avoir?

Regards

John

Hi Cécille

It's clear now, thank you.

John

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Faire confiance

The quiz asked: How would you tell your friends to have faith? "____ confiance, mes amis!" Have faith, my friends.

I answered "Faites" but it wanted "Ayez". Nearly all lessons here that refer to "confiance" associate it with "faire" - not "avoir". There does not seem to be one specifically on "Have faith". What is the grammar rule here?

Asked 10 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi all,

In my opinion, both expressions can be used to indicate the idea of trust .

Avoir confiance en = to have faith/trust/confidence in something or someone

Faire confiance à quelque chose/quelqu'un = to trust something or someone

e.g. 

J'ai confiance en toiJe te fais confiance

Tu ne me fais pas confiance = Tu n'as pas confiance en moi.

This particular quiz was asking you to use 'avoir confiance', the interesting element being the imperative of avoir which is 'Ayez'..

Hope this helps!

 

Hi David,

Recommended reading with respect to your question:
http://parler-francais.eklablog.com/avoir-confiance-en-dans-a4936709

-- Chris.

Also I have to point out:

HINT: Use ''avoir'' in l'Impératif

Sorry - actually it was a different question that had that hint - maybe it should also have been given for the question you mentioned.
The recommended reading reference only discusses "avoir confiance" when followed by "en" or "dans". It is not clear that it can be used alone. Or that it can relate to "faith" rather that "trust" or "confidence". An explanation from the Kwiziq team would be helpful. On the face of it it seems that a new construct has been introduced for which no lesson has prepared us.
I think it's sort of introduced via the quizzes - the first time you encounter it there's an explicit hint to use avoir to mean "have faith". Then I suppose you're expected to remember it for subsequent questions. 

Thank you Cécile.

Your answer help me in understanding the usage.

The issue this illustrates with Kwiziq is that often the quizzes are encountered a long way from the lessons and the only standard one can apply, in attempting to answer them correctly first time, is what is correct French usage - not what has appeared in some Kwiziq lesson.

After getting them "wrong" one can attempt to memorize what the acceptable answer is so that one will not be penalized in future, which is essential if, like me, you are attempting to get 100% in each level. (Currently I am at 100% on levels A0,A1,A2,B1 and at 99+% on level B2). Of course a bigger problem, for me, is my own stupid mistakes.

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DavC1

the quiz gave the answer to "let's not be scared any more as "n'ayons" - why is it not "ne soyons"?

Asked 7 years ago
ChrisC1Correct answer
To be scared is in French literally "to have fear" and consequently translated as "avoir peur". Therefore the imperative is formed using the imperative of avoir and not être. Hence: "N'ayons pas peur" -- "Let's not have fear!"

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

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When to use the imperative vs subjunctive

Hi, why do you use the subjunctive to say "Have faith my friends" instead of the imperative? (ie AYEZ confiance, mes amis instead of AVEZ confiance, mes amis).
Asked 5 years ago
P.S. I read your notes at https://french.kwiziq.com/my-languages/french/glossary/51 and I still dont quite understand. what would "avez confiance mes amis" mean? Surely the imperative is used to express commands as well?
Hi... I've been round the houses on the internet reading all sorts of notes and came back here and realise these notes told be what I needed to know all along... ooops sorry.... avoir and etre use an irregular form of the imperative which just happens to be the same as the subjunctive...LOL... I should have had more faith in your notes in the first place :)

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