Created using FigmaCreated using Figma

Conjugate semi-regular -oyer, -ayer, -uyer verbs in Le Futur (future tense)

To conjugate verbs ending in "-ayer/-oyer/-uyer" in Le Futur, the only exception to the rule of regular -ER verbs is that the "y" of the infinitive becomes an "i" in Le Futur.

ATTENTION: This rule doesn't apply to envoyer and derivatives (See Conjugate voir and envoyer in Le Futur (future tense))

 

ESSAYER (to try)

j'essaierai I will try
tu essaieras You will try (one person you know well)
il/elle/on essaiera   He/She/We/one/people will try
   
nous essaierons We will try
vous essaierez You will try (more than 1 person or formal)
ils/elles essaieront They will try

ATTENTION: Verbs in -AYER, in spoken French (included written dialogue in a play for example) also accept an alternative version where the "y" is kept (and also pronounced differently):

Quand paieras-tu cette facture ?
When will you pay that bill?

Quand payeras-tu cette facture ?
When will you pay that bill?

Ils balaieront le sol avant que nous ne venions.
They will sweep the floor before we come.

Ils balayeront le sol avant que nous ne venions.
They will sweep the floor before we come.

 

Note that you don't pronounce the 'e' after the 'i'.

Here are more examples:

Je nettoierai l'appart pendant que tu seras partie.
I will clean the flat while you're gone.

Il essuiera ses pieds sur le paillasson avant d'entrer.
He will wipe his feet on the mat before coming in.

Nous nous ennuierons à cette soirée.
We will get bored at this party.

Vous paierez votre tournée ?
Will you buy your round?

 

Common -AYER / -OYER / -UYER verbs

essayer (to try)
payer (to pay) 
employer (to use/employ)
se noyer (to drown)
nettoyer (to clean)
essuyer (to wipe)
s'ennuyer (to be/get bored)

 

See also Conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in Le Futur (future tense)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Quand paieras-tu cette facture ?
When will you pay that bill?


Ils balaieront le sol avant que nous ne venions.
They will sweep the floor before we come.


Je nettoierai l'appart pendant que tu seras partie.
I will clean the flat while you're gone.


Vous paierez votre tournée ?
Will you buy your round?


Nous nous ennuierons à cette soirée.
We will get bored at this party.


Ils balayeront le sol avant que nous ne venions.
They will sweep the floor before we come.


Il essuiera ses pieds sur le paillasson avant d'entrer.
He will wipe his feet on the mat before coming in.


Quand payeras-tu cette facture ?
When will you pay that bill?


Q&A

John

Kwiziq community member

20 April 2018

0 replies

Sorry. I see you have already answered my question.

John

Kwiziq community member

20 April 2018

1 reply

In the example in which they sweep the floor before we come, why is it nous ne venions instead of nous venions? Why is ne there?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

20 April 2018

20/04/18

Hi John,


this use of "ne" is called ne-explétif. It doesn't carry any negative meaning. It is there for emphasis. For it to be negative you would need its accompanying "pas" (or any other of its brethren).


There are several lessons offered on kwiziq on this topic. You can search on the library.


Greetings, -- Chris (not a native speaker).

Steven

Kwiziq community member

28 April 2017

1 reply

Ils balayeront le sol avant que nous ne venions.

Why should the "ne" be included - is it another negative form?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

28 April 2017

28/04/17

Bonjour Steven !

This "ne" is not a negation here, but what we call in French the "ne explétif".


We also have this lesson How to understand the ne explétif.


I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Einar

Kwiziq community member

2 October 2016

3 replies

Which version, i or y, is thought to be more elegant, more educated?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

6 October 2016

6/10/16

Bonjour Einar !

The "i" version is considered more elegant.

Actually, little "French" fact : though you're only supposed to use "y" with "-ayer", French children tend to apply it to all "-yer" verbs, saying things like "je nettoye" :) It's obviously bad French, and systematically corrected by their parents, but it also sounds soooo cute ;)

Bonne journée !

Einar

Kwiziq community member

6 October 2016

6/10/16

C'est une réponse merveilleuse, chère Aurélie, merci beaucoup.
Je peux entendre la différence de la prononciation, croyez-le ou non. Donc, la question a été importante pour moi.
Amitiés
Einar

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

6 October 2016

6/10/16

Ravie de pouvoir être utile, Einar !

Bonne soirée !
Let me take a look at that...