Aller + infinitive = to be going to (Le Futur Proche)

You already know that in some cases, we can use Présent indicatif to express immediate/near future actions in the Continuous Present in English (I'm coming soon) - see Using Le Présent for immediate/near future actions.

However, what we call the Near Future in English (or Futur Proche in French) is actually the following construction: to be going to + [infinitive] 
= I'm going to eat / They're going to learn
.

Look at these examples of how to form Futur proche in French:

Je vais aller au cinéma.I'm going to go to the cinema.

Tu vas lireYou're going to read

Vous allez étudier.You're going to study.

On va faire quoi, demain?What are we going to do tomorrow?

Nous allons manger des pâtes.We're going to eat pasta.

Ils vont tomber.They're going to fall.

Notice that Futur prochewhich expresses actions in the near future (= I'm going to [do something]), follows this pattern:

Aller in Le Présent + [infinitive of the verb]
See also Conjugate aller in Le Présent (present tense)

And Conjugate reflexive verbs in Le Futur Proche (aller + infinitive)  
Position of negation with two verbs (conjugated + infinitive) 

 

Want to make sure your French sounds confident? We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Ils vont tomber.They're going to fall.
Nous allons manger des pâtes.We're going to eat pasta.
On va faire quoi, demain?What are we going to do tomorrow?
Tu vas lireYou're going to read
Vous allez étudier.You're going to study.
Je vais aller au cinéma.I'm going to go to the cinema.
Getting that for you now.