Chacun, chacune, chaque = each, each one (indefinite adjectives and pronouns)

Chacun/chacune and chaque sound similar so it's easy to mix them up.  Here's how to use them correctly.

To express 'each/every' in French, there are different expressions depending on sentences:

chaque <chose> : each <thing>

To say 'each/every (something)', you use chaque + singular noun.

Chaque pays avait envoyé une délégation.
Each country had sent a delegation.

Chaque jour, cela devient plus facile.
Each day, it becomes easier.

chacun(e) des <choses> : each of (things)

To say 'each/every one of (something)', you use chacun(e) des + plural noun.

Chacune des femmes apporte un plat.
Each of the women is bringing a dish.

Chacun des lutins a une tâche spécifique.
Each one of the elves has a specific task. 

Chacune des tables était décorée avec goût.
Each one of the tables was decorated tastefully. 


ATTENTION
To say 'each one of us / you / them', you use chacun(e) d'entre nous / vous / eux/elles

Chacun d'entre vous mérite une récompense.
Each one of you deserves a reward.

Je respecte chacune d'entre elles.
I respect each one of them.
I respect every one of them.



chacun and chacune alone

To say 'each/every [one]', you use chacun or chacune.

Les filles sont élégantes: chacune porte une robe.
The girls are elegant: each one wears a dress.

On a le droit à un gâteau chacun.
We're allowed one cake each.

 

Chacun applies to nouns and was originally the contraction of "chaque un / chaque une". It agrees in gender with the person/group/thing it refers to.

Note: You cannot write "chaque un" as two words.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Les filles sont élégantes: chacune porte une robe.
The girls are elegant: each one wears a dress.


Chacune des tables était décorée avec goût.
Each one of the tables was decorated tastefully. 


Chacun des lutins a une tâche spécifique.
Each one of the elves has a specific task. 


Mais dans chaque maison,  Il flotte un air de fête, 
But in each house,  There's a festive air,    


Chaque pays avait envoyé une délégation.
Each country had sent a delegation.


Chacun d'entre vous mérite une récompense.
Each one of you deserves a reward.


Chacune des femmes apporte un plat.
Each of the women is bringing a dish.


Je respecte chacune d'entre elles.
I respect each one of them.
I respect every one of them.


Chaque jour, cela devient plus facile.
Each day, it becomes easier.


On a le droit à un gâteau chacun.
We're allowed one cake each.


Q&A

John

Kwiziq community member

6 October 2016

1 reply

Verb conjuction after Chaqun(e) des .....

I noticed in the examples the conjugation is in the singular form and not plural, ie, chaqune des femmes apporte un plat (and not apportent un plat). Is there a simple way to explain this for me to remember (ie I want to say "chaqune des femmes" is more than one lady, so it is "they", so it's "elles apportent". I know its not the case here, but not sure why...?)

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

6 October 2016

6/10/16

Bonjour John, The literal translation is "each (one) of the women" and works the same way: each of the women brings / chacune [not "chaqune"] des femmes apporte.
I'll be right with you...