Mon, ma, mes; ton, ta, tes; son, sa, ses = my; your; his / her (possessive adjectives)

Look at these sentences:

Il déteste son frère.
He hates his brother.

Tu as ton crayon?
Do you have your pencil?

J'aime mon chien
I love my dog

Jean aime ses parents.
Jean loves his parents.

Note that the equivalent of 'my', 'your' or 'his/her' etc. are:

  Singular Plural
English (masc objects) (fem objects) (masc/fem)
my mon ma mes
your (tu)  ton ta tes
his/her son sa ses

Note the similarity of the forms.

These are called possessive adjectives. 

IMPORTANT: It's tempting to try to 'agree' these with the gender of the owner but only the first letter is determined by the owner (m = my; t = your, s = his/her) etc. The rest of the adjective is related to the gender and number of the thing they own

Lisa adore son frère.
Lisa adores her brother.

Il équipe sa voiture d'un gyrophare.
He's fitting his car with flashing (police) light.

 

More Possessive Adjectives

Notre, nos, votre, vos, leur, leurs = our, your, their (possessive adjectives)

and the more advanced

Common mistakes with mon/ma/mes, ton/ta/tes and son/sa/ses (possessive adjectives)

Using "mon" rather than "ma" with feminine nouns starting with a vowel or mute h (possessive adjectives)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

...avec sa canne dans la main.
... with his cane in his hand.


Elle adore sa poupée.
She loves her doll.


Il équipe sa voiture d'un gyrophare.
He's fitting his car with flashing (police) light.


J'aime mon chien
I love my dog


Jean aime ses parents.
Jean loves his parents.


Tu as ton crayon?
Do you have your pencil?



Il déteste son frère.
He hates his brother.


ATTENTION !


Lisa adore son frère.
Lisa adores her brother.


Q&A

Rona

Kwiziq community member

21 October 2016

5 replies

hi in the lesson there is

Rona

Kwiziq community member

21 October 2016

21/10/16

Il déteste son frère.
He hates his brother.

but how would you change this to be the french for he hates HER brother

Meghna

Kwiziq community member

19 January 2017

19/01/17

Rona, The sentence would be Elle déteste son frère. The elle would indicate her. SON won't change.

Peter

Kwiziq community member

16 February 2017

16/02/17

Are you sure Son doesn't change to Sa as you are describing gender possessive, and the brother being the possessive to the Female makes Sa?

clarice

Kwiziq community member

26 March 2017

26/03/17

"son" agree with the gender of the noun "frère". So it's right to say "Elle déteste son frère."

Terri

Kwiziq community member

29 April 2017

29/04/17

He hates her brother. The subject is he, il. the object is 'her brother'. brother is masculine, so would be 'son frère'. So if I understand rightly, He hates her brother would be Il déteste son frère.
Let me take a look at that...