Les paroles du médecin sont très confuses. Il parle confusément.
This sentence is best translated as "The words from the doctor are very confusing. He speaks confusingly".
Just to add to this excellent discussion, the adjective 'confus/e' and the adverb 'confusément' are faux-amis.
They are rarely translated by 'confused' and 'confusedly'.
Confus means, vague, unclear, even embarrassed.
If someone says to you -
Je suis confus !
it will mean they are embarrassed and never confused/ in a state of confusion.
The verb 'confuser' does not exist in French, there is a verb 'confondre' which means to mix up two things together normally.
This lesson is about adverbs so I will concentrate on the English translation which, in my opinion, is wrong.
I would say that here the meaning of 'confus' is 'unclear' and 'parler confusément' is to speak unintelligibly.
I have spoken with my colleagues and we are changing some of the content to reflect what was said previously.
Wondering why you say that's the best translation ? Having checked a number of references, the translation seems fine using confused and confusedly.
Yes, both are possible. They do mean something different, though. You discover the difference best, if you substitute "I" for "the doctor's words": I am confused vs. I am confusing. The first one is a statement about how I am to myself. The second one is about my effect on others. Similarly, "I am bored" -- "I am boring", and so on.
Therefore, if you want to express how the doctor's words made you feel, you need to use the -ing version. It depends on context, what the best choice is.
It depends on what the French sentences mean, surely?
I think Maarten is correct, it has to be translated like that. Probably Winston thought that it was more plausible that the listener was the one confused, while the doctor was just using complicated medical jargon. But that doesn't seem to be what the French sentences mean.
@Alan: of course it depends on what the French sentence wants to say. That's why I wrote that it depends on context. To me, there is not enough context, given only this one sentence, to decide whether the words are jumbled (=confused) or whether they make me feel confused (=confusing).
There is no verb 'confuser' in French. Confus means confused, confusément means confusedly.
@Maarten: thanks for that clarification. I was operating under the impression that there was actually a verb confuser which means "to confuse", and that it would work like with other French verbs such as intéressé (=interested) and intéressant (interested). Apparently, French uses two verbs to express the two different meanings when it comes to confusion.
confus -- confused,déroutant -- confusing.
Yes, Chris, I was a bit surprised when I looked for the non-existent «confuser». Just to clarify though - «confus» is not a verb, it is an adjective, which is the reason the example above means confused (or muddled) words. Déroutant is also an adjective. «Dérouter» - the verb can be used for 'to perplex, throw off course, confuse'. «Embrouiller» can also be used similarly. The pronominal «s'embrouiller» - 'to become confused (muddled)'.
Yes, once I followed up on this, I realized this. Thanks!
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