Qui est-ce qui or qui est-ce que?

RenateB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Qui est-ce qui or qui est-ce que?

I'm confused on when to use 'qui est-ce qui or qui est-ce que at the beginning of a sentence'. In each case the translation was 'who did such and such'.One or the other have been given as a correct answer but I haven't worked out which one for which circumstance. What is the rule please.
Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Renate ! Have a look at our two related lessons, and let me know if it makes things clearer :) Questions: Qui / qui est-ce que = Whom ? Questions: Qui, qui est-ce qui = Who ? À bientôt !
RenateB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
So, I can use either one of these when the person is not the one doing the action? I can't remember the examples that set this off but I remember that in each case I was marked wrong so perhaps I used the que when the person was the one doing the action. I will continue to work on it.
NicholasC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
qui is the subject ie the one doing the action que is the object of the action, so: Qui est-ce qui aime Renate? Qui est-ce que Renate aime?
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Qui est-ce qui aime Renate? -- Who loves Renate? (Who is it that loves Renate?) Qui est-ce que Renate aime? -- Renate loves whom? (Who is it that Renate loves?) Qui = the one doing the loving in the first example. Que = the one being loved in the second example. -- Chris.

Qui est-ce qui or qui est-ce que?

I'm confused on when to use 'qui est-ce qui or qui est-ce que at the beginning of a sentence'. In each case the translation was 'who did such and such'.One or the other have been given as a correct answer but I haven't worked out which one for which circumstance. What is the rule please.

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