Conjugate regular verbs in Le Subjonctif Présent (subjunctive mood)

These regular verbs are conjugated in the Subjonctif présent:
 

Il faut que je range ma chambre.
I must tidy my room.

Il faut que tu finisses ton travail.
You must finish your work.

Il est important qu'il apprenne ses leçons.
It's important that he learns his lessons.

Il ne faut pas que nous mangions avec nos doigts.
We mustn't eat with our hands.

Elle veut que vous rangiez votre chambre.
She wants you to clean your room. 

J'aimerais qu'ils révisent leurs examens.
I would like them to revise their exams.

 
Note that to form the Subjonctif (présent), you take the ils/elles form of the verb in Le Présent, then replace the -ent ending with the following endings:  
-e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
 
E.g.  finir  (Présent)   -> ils finissent 
  (Subjonctif présent)  ->  que je finisse
   
      que tu finisses
   
      qu'il finisse
   
      que nous finissions
   
      que vous finissiez
   
      qu'ils finissent
 
Notice that:
     
- The ils form is the same as in Le Présent.

- In the case of -ER verbs, only nous and vous forms change from Le Présent!
 
  Indeed, the nous and vous forms are the same as in L'Imparfait
 
-> que tu apprennes; que nous apprenions; que vous appreniez
 
 
See also irregular verbs in Le Subjonctif:

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Il faut que tu finisses ton travail.
You must finish your work.


Il faut que tu lises ce livre pour l'école.
You must read this book for school.


Il faut que je range ma chambre.
I must tidy my room.


Je veux que tu viennes me voir.
I want you to come to see me.


Elle veut que vous rangiez votre chambre.
She wants you to clean your room. 


J'aimerais qu'ils révisent leurs examens.
I would like them to revise their exams.


Il faut que nous venions te voir.
We must come to see you.


Il ne faut pas que nous mangions avec nos doigts.
We mustn't eat with our hands.


Il ne peut pas s'en souvenir, bien qu'il le relise tous les soirs !
He cannot remember it, though he rereads it every night!



Il est important qu'il apprenne ses leçons.
It's important that he learns his lessons.


Je veux que vous relisiez cet extrait pour demain.
I want you to reread that excerpt for tomorrow.


Vive le vent, vive le vent,
Long live the wind, long live the wind,


Q&A Forum 9 questions, 17 answers

JackC1Kwiziq community member

definite article

In the test question "' We want him to become a lawyer"'  translates to "' ...que il devienne avocat".   Why not un avocat?

Asked 3 weeks ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Jack,

This is a particularity of the French language.

Take a look at the following lesson highlighting this fact :

https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/dont-use-indefinite-articles-with-professions

Hope this helps!

 

definite article

In the test question "' We want him to become a lawyer"'  translates to "' ...que il devienne avocat".   Why not un avocat?

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JulieC1Kwiziq community member

I’m confused with the translation above: how would you say “we don’t have to eat with our hands”?

Asked 3 weeks ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

HI Julie,

One of the ways you could say it is -

On n’est pas obligés de manger avec ses doigts 

But the lesson was showing the use of the subjunctive which doesn’t apply here.

Hope I have answered your question...

I’m confused with the translation above: how would you say “we don’t have to eat with our hands”?

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JenniferC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

ne

"Je crains que vous ne ________ trop vite"

I fear that you drive too fast.

Could you please tell me why a 'ne' would be in this sentence? I have

copied your test question.

Thank you, Jennifer

Asked 6 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Jennifer,

If you take a look at the following Kwiziq lesson, it explains in what situations we use the 'ne explétif' to indicate fear as in your example -

https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/how-to-understand-the-ne-expletif

Hope this helps!

JenniferC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thank you Cécile 

JayanthiA1Kwiziq community member

"Je crains que vous ne conduisiez trop vite".

JackC1Kwiziq community member

In that case, there could be a link to the expletive ne expletif !

CécileKwiziq team member

Hi Jack, 

This is the  lesson which include verbs like 'craindre' (to fear) , douter ( to doubt) etc. which use the ne explétif  -

https://french.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/how-to-understand-the-ne-expletif

 

ne

"Je crains que vous ne ________ trop vite"

I fear that you drive too fast.

Could you please tell me why a 'ne' would be in this sentence? I have

copied your test question.

Thank you, Jennifer

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MikeB2Kwiziq community member

Why do the examples in this lesson include the sentence, "Vive le vent, vive le vent"? How does this illustrate the subjontif?

Asked 8 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Mike, 

‘Vive La France’ is probably the common example of this use of the subjunctive ...

It should be ‘Que vive la France’ ( long live France ) which denotes a wish...

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

"Vive" is the subjonctif.

MikeB2Kwiziq community member

Aha.  Thanks to Cecile and Chris.

Why do the examples in this lesson include the sentence, "Vive le vent, vive le vent"? How does this illustrate the subjontif?

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AmandaC1Kwiziq community member

I am still unsure why the subjective mood is used. Cant you just say Je dois..... instead of Il faut que....? It seems so much harder to cinstr

Asked 8 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Amanda,

Yes,  you can use 'devoir' to avoid 'il faut que'

There are some occasions when you can avoid the subjunctive and as your grasp of the language improves you will grab these opportunities...

AmandaC1Kwiziq community member

It seems so much harder to me to construct sentenances this way.

AmandaC1Kwiziq community member

Thanks 

I am still unsure why the subjective mood is used. Cant you just say Je dois..... instead of Il faut que....? It seems so much harder to cinstr

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AnnC1Kwiziq community member

Isn't there only one subject in this example? "Il ne peut pas s'en souvenir, bien qu'il le relise tous les soirs !"

Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer
The subject is "il" in both parts of the phrase. Why? Because of "que"? The "que"is present because "bien que" is a fixed phrase meaning "although".

Isn't there only one subject in this example? "Il ne peut pas s'en souvenir, bien qu'il le relise tous les soirs !"

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StevenB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

A bit off topic, but...

In the third example, "Il est important qu'il apprenne ses lecons", how come it's not "c'est important"?
Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Steven !

Here we used the impersonal "il" (same one as in "il fait beau"), which can also be replaced by "c'est":
"C'est important qu'il apprenne ses leçons."

Note that the "il" version is considered as more elegant.

Have a look at the related lesson: Il est (important) que + Le Subjonctif = It is (important) for (someone) to ...">Il est (important) que + Le Subjonctif = It is (important) for (someone) to ...">Il est (important) que + Le Subjonctif = It is (important) for (someone) to ...">Il est (important) que + Le Subjonctif = It is (important) for (someone) to ...

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

A bit off topic, but...

In the third example, "Il est important qu'il apprenne ses lecons", how come it's not "c'est important"?

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ConnorC1Kwiziq community member

Subjunctive with 2 different subjects

Is it possible to use subjunctive to say things such as; J'ai peur que je sois stupide Ou Elle souhaite qu'elle ait eu rainson Or is it ONLY if there are two, distinctly different subjects?
Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team member
Bonjour Connor, You can only use the subjunctive with two different subjects. Otherwise, you just use the infinitive: J'ai peur d'être stupide.

Subjunctive with 2 different subjects

Is it possible to use subjunctive to say things such as; J'ai peur que je sois stupide Ou Elle souhaite qu'elle ait eu rainson Or is it ONLY if there are two, distinctly different subjects?

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OpeyemiB2Kwiziq community member

Bonjour, par exemple, il est important de preciser que+ subjonctif ou indicatif

Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team member

Bonjour Opeyemi,

The French verb préciser is followed by the indicative.

Il est important in front of préciser makes no difference.

Bonjour, par exemple, il est important de preciser que+ subjonctif ou indicatif

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