Le, la, les plus and le, la, les moins = the most and the least (superlatives of adjectives)

Superlative forms are used to express something/someone's superiority or inferiority on all else = the most / the least [adjective]; the [adjective]-est.

Here are some examples of superlatives of adjectives in French:

Patrick est le plus courageux.
Patrick is the bravest.

Marie est la plus courageuse.
Marie is the bravest.

Bruno et Gary sont les plus bavards.
Bruno and Gary are the chattiest.

Catherine et Julie sont les plus bavardes.
Catherine and Julie are the chattiest.

Ce camion est le moins cher.
This truck is the least expensive.

Ma maison est la moins chère.
My house is the least expensive one.

De tous mes amis, Léo et Lucie sont les moins bavards.
Out of all my friends, Léo and Lucie are the least chatty.

To form the Superlative of adjectives in French, you will follow this pattern:

definite article (le/la/les) + plus/moins + [adjective]

ATTENTION:

Both the definite article and the adjective must agree in gender and number with the noun they refer to.

 

See also these related Superlative lessons:

Meilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives)

Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs)

Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases

And Comparative structures:

Plus... plus..., moins... moins... = the more...the more..., the less...the less... (comparisons with phrases)
Better and better, worse and worse = de mieux en mieux, de pire en pire (comparisons)
De plus en plus and de moins en moins = more and more and less and less (comparisons with adjectives, adverbs, verbs)
De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns)
Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que
Making comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que
Making comparisons with verbs: plus que, autant que, moins que
Making comparisons with nouns: plus de... que, moins de... que, autant de... que

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Nous sommes les plus jeunes.
We are the youngest.


Bruno et Gary sont les plus bavards.
Bruno and Gary are the chattiest.


Ma maison est la moins chère.
My house is the least expensive one.


Catherine et Julie sont les plus bavardes.
Catherine and Julie are the chattiest.


Mon fils est le plus intelligent.
My son is the most intelligent / cleverest.


Ses parents sont les plus gentils !
His parents are the nicest!


Marie est la plus courageuse.
Marie is the bravest.


"Superlatives" by Jacqueline Doiron (FrenchByPhone.com)


Ce camion est le moins cher.
This truck is the least expensive.


Patrick est le plus courageux.
Patrick is the bravest.


De tous mes amis, Léo et Lucie sont les moins bavards.
Out of all my friends, Léo and Lucie are the least chatty.


Q&A Forum 3 questions, 8 answers

MarsyaB1Kwiziq community member

Article définis

Je ne comprends pas pourquoi on peut dire "la robe la plus belle"?

Asked 1 month ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

In French you have two possibilities to form the superlative, which differ by the placement of the adjective:

la plus belle robe -- la robe la plus belle

The definite article is repeated in the second case. If you want to know why, I don't think there even is a "why" for that except that's how it is.

UberA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

@Chris - but this second case is not mentioned in the lesson, is it? Would be great to see more examples.

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

I think it is discussed in this lesson: Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases

Article définis

Je ne comprends pas pourquoi on peut dire "la robe la plus belle"?

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KellyC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Ses parents..

"Ses parents..." is translated as "Their parents..." in one of the examples above. It should be His/her parents i think.

Asked 4 months ago
AurélieKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Bonjour Kelly !

Oups ! It's now been fixed thanks to you :)

Merci et bonne journée !

Ses parents..

"Ses parents..." is translated as "Their parents..." in one of the examples above. It should be His/her parents i think.

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MichaelC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Un stéréotype

C'est un stéréotype qu'une fille est jugé à la beauté, alors que le garçon est jugé à son intelligence. Un exemple meilleure: "Ma maison est la moins moche." C'est un défaut que vous devez corriger. Oui?
Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team memberCorrect answer
Bonjour Michael !

Je suis d'accord avec votre suggestion, et j'ai changé les exemples :)

Merci et bonne journée !
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Bonjour Michael, Bien que la phrase peut être un stéréotype, pour le but d'exemples il n’est pas nécessaire de maintenir la rectitude politique.
JackB2Kwiziq community member

Bravo Ron. Let's not let PC spoil the language. Otherwise nouns could not have a gender!

RobC1Kwiziq community member

Merci Michael!

Un stéréotype

C'est un stéréotype qu'une fille est jugé à la beauté, alors que le garçon est jugé à son intelligence. Un exemple meilleure: "Ma maison est la moins moche." C'est un défaut que vous devez corriger. Oui?

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