De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns)

Look at these sentences:

J'ai de moins en moins de patience pour ces choses-là.
I've got less and less patience for those things.

Ma fille a de plus en plus de peluches dans sa chambre.
My daughter has more and more plush toys in her bedroom.

De moins en moins de gens s'envoient des lettres.
Fewer and fewer people send letters to each other.

J'ai de plus en plus de mal à me concentrer.
I'm struggling more and more to focus.

To express more and more [thing(s)] and less/fewer [thing(s)], you will use de plus en plus de [chose(s)] and de moins en moins de [chose(s)].

Remember that the last de becomes d' in front of a vowel or a mute h.

Tu fais de plus en plus d'efforts pour m'aider.
You make more and more effort to help me.

  

See also Better and better, worse and worse = de mieux en mieux, de pire en pire (comparisons)De plus en plus and de moins en moins = more and more and less and less (comparisons with adjectives, adverbs, verbs) and Plus... plus..., moins... moins... = the more...the more..., the less...the less... (comparisons with phrases)

 

Here are other Comparative structures:

Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que
Making comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que
Making comparisons with verbs: plus que, autant que, moins que
Making comparisons with nouns: plus de... que, moins de... que, autant de... que

And Superlative structures:

Le, la, les plus and le, la, les moins = the most and the least (superlatives of adjectives)
Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs)
Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases
Meilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives)

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Ma fille a de plus en plus de peluches dans sa chambre.
My daughter has more and more plush toys in her bedroom.


Tu fais de plus en plus d'efforts pour m'aider.
You make more and more effort to help me.


J'ai de plus en plus de mal à me concentrer.
I'm struggling more and more to focus.


De moins en moins de gens s'envoient des lettres.
Fewer and fewer people send letters to each other.


J'ai de moins en moins de patience pour ces choses-là.
I've got less and less patience for those things.


Q&A

Mohit

Kwiziq community member

1 November 2018

4 replies

The pronunciation of "plus" in de plus en plus in the last example (J'ai de plus en plus de mal à me concentrer.) has 's' in both the plus

Is this correct? Because in all other examples only the plus has 's' prononuced as it is followed by vowel 'e'.

Mohit

Kwiziq community member

1 November 2018

1/11/18

correction -  Because in all other examples only the FIRST plus has 's' prononuced as it is followed by vowel 'e'.

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

1 November 2018

1/11/18

Hi Mohit,

Thanks for pointing this out, you can actually say both ...

Mohit

Kwiziq community member

1 November 2018

1/11/18

Thanks Cecile. Just to confirm - this means that "Plus" can always be pronounced with a 's'?

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

2 November 2018

2/11/18

Hi Mohit, 

Not always but in the expression 'de plus en plus' you can say:

De pluz en plu or de pluz en plusse...

The first 's'  is pronounced as a 'z' because of the compulsory liaison and the second 's' can be pronounced or not.

Hope this helps!

 

Sue

Kwiziq community member

30 April 2018

1 reply

The lesson is fine - it is the answers to kwizzes where there is a discrepancy,I think. An omitted ‘de’ is marked correct.

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

2 May 2018

2/05/18

Bonjour Sue !

I went through our lesson's questions, and none of them marks correct the absence of "de".

Could you please report the specific question you're mentionning, so I can look into it?

Merci beaucoup! 

Jennifer

Kwiziq community member

2 December 2017

3 replies

J'ai de plus en plus mal à me concentrer

I am just if the me is essential or could it be left out.

Ron

Kwiziq community member

2 December 2017

2/12/17

Bonjour Jennifer, «à me concentrer» is the correct syntaxe for talking about one's own ability to concentrate. Here is the page from the Collins-Robert: se concentrer ⇒ I couldn't concentrate. ---> Je n'arrivais pas à me concentrer. J'espère que ma réponse vous aiderait. Bonne chance et bonne continuation dans vos études en français, la langue de Molière et qui a été utilisée par le monde français depuis l’époque d’Hugues Capet Ron (un locuteur non natif )

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

4 December 2017

4/12/17

Bonjour Jennifer, Concentrer is a transitive verb (needs a direct object), as in concentrer son attention. If you don't use a direct object like that, then yes - me is required, as it serves as the direct object.

Jennifer

Kwiziq community member

4 December 2017

4/12/17

Thank you both, the point about the direct object is particularly useful to me as I sometimes struggle in such areas

William

Kwiziq community member

1 April 2017

1 reply

Just a thought!

The words in these two phrases "de moins en moins de" and "de plus en plus de" are similar to the letters in words like radar, noon, and civic. They read the same backwards and forwards.

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

4 April 2017

4/04/17

Thanks William - nice mnemonic!

Dzoan

Kwiziq community member

24 February 2017

1 reply

DVDs

The dvds are the plural of DVD, right? And the way you say DVDs is D.V.D.S?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

10 March 2017

10/03/17

Bonjour Dzoan ! Yes, and yes :) The pronunciation would be: "dé-vé-dé" as in French you never pronounce a plural "-s" ! I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !
Let me take a look at that...